10 Indian Celebrities Who Survived Cancer
4 Feb 2023
11 mins
10 Indian Celebrities With Cancer - February 4th10 INDIAN CELEBRITIES WHO SURVIVED CANCER - WORLD CANCER DAY   The fourth of February is marked as world cancer day. Every year this day promotes cancer awareness, encourages its prevention [https://www.mrmed.in/health-library/cancer-care/national-cancer-prevention-month], identification, and treatment, and relies on governments and individuals worldwide to take action. One of the most arduous battles one may endure is the fight against cancer. It is because cancer severely weakens your mental and physical health. It takes tremendous effort to undergo the hard and chaotic process of drugs and treatments, and for this reason, those who have braved this challenging path are called warriors. Many Indian celebrities with cancer have discussed their experiences with cancer in public. By sharing their story, they have been a source of inspiration to everyone struggling with cancer.    Let's take a look at some of the most well-known Indian Celebs who, after a valiant battle, overcame the fatal illness.   1. MANISHA KOIRALA   "Cancer is not a death sentence," says Manisha Koirala, one of India's leading film actresses. She was diagnosed with Stage IV ovarian cancer in 2012. She traveled halfway around the world to the United States and opted for treatment in a New York hospital. She is tagged as one of the famous celebrity cancer survivors in India. After receiving the treatment for a year, she remained in remission for more than six years. Manisha wrote an autobiography book on her cancer journey, titled “Healed: How cancer gave me a new life,” in 2018 to encourage those dealing with the disease. She announced that she had been cancer free for the past ten years at the launch of India's first indigenous cervical cancer vaccine. After beating cancer and winning the battle, she is passionate about raising awareness of the disease. In a post, she also said, "I know the journey is tough, but you are tougher than that." which inspires many cancer sufferers to overcome the disease.   2. SONALI BENDRE   In 2018, the iconic 1990s actress Sonali Bendre confirmed a diagnosis of Stage 4 metastatic breast cancer. Sonali stated in a recent interview that doctors said she only had a 30% chance of survival. She shared pictures of herself at each level of therapy and remained cheerful despite this throughout. Her smile remained untouched by the entire course of therapy and the diagnosis, which still made her stronger. On the occasion of World Cancer Day, Sonali wrote, "Your journey is going to be hard but try to fight it with hope and remember to switch on the sunshine and take one day at a time." She continuously motivated and inspired cancer patients to get treatment by posting various pictures on social media. She is now cancer-free and has demonstrated great bravery, patience, and willpower during her recovery period.   3. SANJAY DUTT   In August 2020, shortly after the COVID-19 pandemic had just begun, famous Bollywood actor Sanjay Dutt was diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer. He underwent hours and hours of chemotherapy cycles and received treatment in Dubai. Sanjay Dutt revealed that although the diagnosis and treatment were very difficult for him and his family, the journey built him into a much more resilient soldier. He declared and celebrated his victory over cancer on his children's birthday and starred in many movies. He has been a great source of inspiration for many cancer survivors.   4. YUVRAJ SINGH    One of the best all-rounders in Indian cricket history is Yuvraj Singh, a retired cricketer from India. In 2011, he was found to have mediastinal seminoma, a rare lung cancer affecting the tissues in the chest between the lungs. He underwent chemotherapy treatment in the USA and returned to India in March 2012. He dealt with his cancer positively and made a successful comeback by participating in the 2012 T20 World Cup. Additionally, he established the YouWeCan Cancer Foundation, a non-profit organization, to raise money for cancer treatment. He has supported cancer-related causes and promoted cancer awareness using his profile as a successful cricketer. He is deemed one of the well-known celebrity cancer survivors in India. It is apparent from all of this that cancer is treatable and curable. One such example of this is Yuvraj's recovery story.   Yuvraj Singh taught us that "when it comes to cancer, the only choice we have is to get up." He still inspires cancer survivors with his quotes on recovery and by doing awareness campaigns.    5. KIRRON KHER   Veteran actor-politician Kirron Kher was diagnosed with multiple myeloma, a type of blood cancer, in 2021. Despite the worsening effects of cancer, she never stopped working. She stated that she continued to work while receiving treatment at the hospital. The actor also spoke honestly about the suffering one experiences while receiving therapy, saying, "It's not the ideal situation to be in. Par yeh zindagi hai (but this is life). One learns to deal with it and carry on [https://indianexpress.com/article/entertainment/bollywood/kirron-kher-on-cancer-diagnosis-even-the-doctors-dont-know-why-it-happened-7566604/]. There's no way out except to treat it. Nobody likes going through the treatment or its side effects." She beat the illness and is still a guiding light for cancer patients. The actress is now seen appearing as a panel judge on the program "India's Got Talent."   6. LISA RAY    Indian-Canadian actress Lisa Ray has been diagnosed with the rare and fatal blood cancer, multiple myeloma. She received a stem cell transplant after four months of chemotherapy. She talks about being a movie star and overcoming the deadly illness in her new autobiography, "close to the bone." Her personal blog, titled "The Yellow Diaries," detailed her experience with multiple myeloma (MM). "After receiving allopathic cancer treatment, healing got started. Her attention then turned to restoring her immune system and resetting her emotional and psychological systems. She also expressed that nutrition, ayurveda, meditation, and counseling were the pillars and played a major role in her recovery.    7. GAUTAMI TADIMALLA     Gautami is a breast cancer survivor celebrity in India; It has been a long road to recovery for her ever since she was diagnosed with breast cancer at age 35. She asserts that communication and idea-sharing are the first steps toward empowerment. She recently began a radio show where she speaks to listeners and inspires them to face life head-on. She has started a Life Again foundation which actively assists people living with cancer through a network of volunteers and NGOs in many cities. She also participated in various cancer awareness programs to assist cancer patients in any way she could.   8. ANURAG BASU   Cancer does not have to define you.    Well-known talented filmmaker Anurag Basu was diagnosed with blood cancer in 2004. Even though his doctors said he had only two weeks left to live, he battled cancer and survived. His outlook on life has shifted since his fight against cancer. It's been more than 10 years since he recovered from the disease, and he's made many blockbuster films.   9. TAHIRA KASHYAP   Tahira Kashyap, a famous film director, was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2018. She didn't hide her diagnosis; instead, she decided to document it to inspire other women around the world. She completed her treatment in January 2019 and is no longer cancerous! Tahira's story and struggle have given her a lot of encouragement and a stronger belief in her power. She also posted pictures of herself going bald to show her fans that it's nothing to be ashamed of and that it's all part of the process. She has always recommended early detection of breast cancer and continues to empower women all over the world to speak up, share, and own their journeys.   10. RAKESH ROSHAN   Multi-talented renowned director Rakesh Roshan, the father of Hrithik Roshan, was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma, a type of throat cancer, in 2018. Rakesh's lifestyle has changed, and he has become more disciplined due to his cancer battle. "This disease must be fought with a strong mind. The victory had to be achieved through the triumph of the mind over matter," he stated. He is now living a healthy lifestyle after battering the deadly disease.   DIFFICULT ROADS CAN LEAD UP TO BEAUTIFUL DESTINATIONS.    Cancer is one such long-running battle that has merely distorted the lives of many of our cherished ones. It isn't easy to find true heroes with inspiring stories that are motivating and believable in an industry that is full of false notions, publicity, the fame game, and allure. Over time, the industry has witnessed an admirable shift in which Indian celebrities with cancer have come to the forefront with their stories shared in both the film and the real world. Many Indian celebrities have been diagnosed with breast cancer; while some have overcome the odds, others are still fighting and encouraging their millions of followers to do the same.   "Live to inspire, and one day people will say because of you, I didn't give up."
Dr. Karpagam Anand
World Cancer Day - February 4
4 Feb 2023
9 mins
World Cancer Day February 4UNITING OUR VOICES AND TAKING ACTION AGAINST CANCER   Cancer remains one of the biggest threats to our health and wellness in the twenty-first century. Almost 18.1 million new cases of cancer were estimated worldwide in 2020. Of these, 9.3 million were men, while 8.8 million were women. However, cancer continues to be the second-leading cause of death globally; nearly 10 million people pass away from the disease [https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cancer]each year, and death rates are continually increasing. If the current trend continues, it will soon overtake cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of mortality. By 2030, there will be 13 million cancer-related deaths annually, predicts the World Health Organization (WHO), unless the world begins to take this issue more seriously.    The most common cancers worldwide are breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, and stomach cancer. And the cancers that cause the most deaths are lung cancer, colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, and breast cancer. The development of individualized and targeted cancer treatment strategies by Pharmaceutical companies is expanding the boundaries of science and helping to increase the range of medications and therapies to treat different cancer indications. Join hands, wear the ribbons and show solidarity on this world cancer day 2023.   WHAT MAKES WORLD CANCER DAY 2023 SO IMPORTANT?   February 4 is more than a day on the calendar. Every year on this day; the World Cancer Day campaign has been created to provoke action and inspire change even after the actual day. International Cancer Day is the only movement through which the globe can band together to combat the cancer epidemic. The (UICC) Union for International Cancer Control led the initiative, aiming to receive more exposure and participation, provide more chances to raise worldwide awareness, and ultimately have a greater impact.    World Cancer Day promotes cancer awareness, encourages its prevention, identification, and treatment, and relies on governments and individuals all over the world to take action. Its goal is to bring everyone together in the battle against cancer. It is crucial because, equipped with the appropriate knowledge; you may act promptly to lower your chance of developing cancer. This will contribute to lowering the global cancer rate.   UNDERSTANDING THE CANCER CAUSE   In simpler terms, cancer develops when normal cells in our body transform into abnormal tumor cells. It occurs in a multi-stage process from when the normal cell turns into a pre-cancerous cell and finally to a malignant tumor. These mutations are the outcome of how a person's genetic elements interact. Apart from these, there are three external agents which cause cancer.    Agents which cause cancer are termed carcinogens. That includes,    * Physical Carcinogens such as ultraviolet rays and ionizing radiations * Chemical Carcinogens such as components of tobacco, alcohol, asbestos, and heavy metals * Biological Carcinogens such as deadly viruses, bacteria, and parasites   Studies have shown that around one-third of cancer deaths are due to tobacco use, having a high body mass index or being obese, drinking alcohol, incorporating fewer fruits and vegetables, and living a sedentary lifestyle. By avoiding risk factors [https://www.mrmed.in/health-library/cancer-care/national-cancer-prevention-month]and practicing evidence-based prevention measures, between 30 and 50% of cancers can now be prevented. Early cancer identification, adequate cancer treatment, and patient care can lessen the disease's burden. If detected early and treated effectively, many cancers have a high chance of recovery, and the number of survivors is increasing steadily.   Today's cancer patients can have a high confidence that their disease can be treated and cured because important advancements in cancer detection, therapy, and rehabilitation have all been in the developed stage.   FIVE THINGS EVERYONE MUST DO TO REDUCE THEIR RISKS   1. SAY YES TO NO SMOKING    Tobacco causes cancer. Its particles have been linked to the bladder, kidney cancer [https://www.mrmed.in/health-library/health-care/world-kidney-cancer-day-2022], larynx, throat, cervix, and oral malignancies. Avoid chewing tobacco. Additionally, try to minimize your exposure to secondhand smoke.   2. THINK BEFORE YOU DRINK   Avoid drinking alcohol. Both men and women who drink excessively run the risk of developing liver, kidney, breast, colon, and lung cancer in their lifetime.   3. SHED THE FAT    Obesity significantly increases the risk [https://www.cancer.net/blog/2015-02/6-healthy-living-tips-world-cancer-day] of several tumors. Red meat is not healthy, but lean meat is. All red meat (including goats, lambs, and pigs) is regarded as potentially carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. And you can solve this issue with ease. Try to lose weight, either head to the gym or go on a morning run. Eat healthy foods by incorporating more fruits and veggies into your plate.   4. SLIP! SLOP! SLAP! - YOU CAN STOP SKIN CANCER   Slip on the shirt, slop on the sunscreen, and slap on hats and umbrellas to protect yourself from dangerous UV rays. Limit yourself from sun exposure, avoid using artificial tanning devices, reduce occupational radiation exposure, and ensure to use safer amounts of radiation in healthcare for diagnosing or therapeutic purposes.    5. VACCINATE! DON'T PROCRASTINATE   It is well known that HPV and Hepatitis B can cause cancer. Receive HPV and hepatitis B after discussing them with your healthcare professional.    UNITE TO CLOSE THE CARE GAP   There are nine targets that world cancer day has taken and aims to reach by 2025. Those are,   1. Enhance healthcare systems to guarantee comprehensive cancer care for people throughout their lives. 2. Reduce global use of alcohol and cigarettes, obesity, poor diets, inactivity, and exposure to known cancer-causing agents like asbestos. 3. Ensure that there are widespread HPV (high-risk human papillomavirus) and hepatitis B immunization programs (HBV). 4. Create cancer registries and surveillance to assess the impact of cancer. 5. Global implementation of screening and early detection programs. 6. Put an end to cancer's stigma and false information. 7. Make pain/stress management approachable to everyone around the world. 8. Access to accurate diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care will be improved across the world. 9. Promote training and education, particularly in low- and middle-income areas.   WE CAN, AND  I CAN!   This year's world cancer day theme, “Close The Care Gap” is all about every individual being responsible for acting. We are confident that by joining hands and working together, we can reduce the number of preventable deaths to one-third from this noncommunicable disease - cancer by 2030.   “While we have different languages, varied cultures, and diverse origins, we share a common enemy: cancer. World Cancer Day reminds us that cancer affects millions around the world and that if we work together, we can defeat it.”   No matter how big or small, every person has the power to make a difference. However, by working together, the health community can significantly decrease the impact of cancer on the world.
Dr. Karpagam Anand
6 Myths and Truths about Hair Loss in Modern Days
3 Feb 2023
6 mins
6 Myths and Truths about Hair Loss in Modern DaysIs my stress causing hair loss? Wearing a hat leads to hair fall? Hair loss occurs due to many reasons, such as family history, pregnancy, childbirth, taking medications for cancer, depression, heart problems, or arthritis, hairstyles and treatments, radiation therapy, and trauma. There are many hair loss myths, and knowing the truth about them would help people get clarity and decide what to do and what to avoid. Let’s look into six common myths about hair fall and health care tips.    SIX COMMON HAIR LOSS MYTHS DEBUNKED   MYTH 1: WEARING A CAP WILL MAKE YOU BALD   People experiencing hair fall tend to wear caps often, but wearing them does not necessarily lead to baldness. Wearing them very tight may decrease the blood flow to the follicles and cause hair fall. It is usually temporary, but it may progress to permanent hair loss over time. Wearing a tight hat can also pull the hair and may cause hair loss. Prefer loose-fitting hats to prevent hair loss.    MYTH 2: STRESS LEADS TO HAIR LOSS   You probably heard that stress leads to hair fall. The day-to-day stress factors such as parenting, busy work schedule, or running late won’t cause hair loss. Even if there is a hair fall, it is almost temporary. But, excessive emotional or physical stress associated with illness, injury, or surgery can cause hair loss.   MYTH 3: HAIR LOSS COMES FROM THE MOTHER’S SIDE OF YOUR FAMILY   It is one of the common myths about hair fall. Genetics plays a bigger role in hair loss. When genetics cause hair loss, it is commonly known as male or female pattern baldness. Baldness genes may skip generations and are entirely random in terms of who they will affect. For example, your twin brother may have hair loss, and you will not have it.    MYTH 4: IF YOU CUT YOUR HAIR OFTEN, IT PROMOTES SPEEDY HAIR GROWTH   Have you heard that regular trimming promotes thick and fast hair growth? Cutting hair definitely keeps you away from split ends and prevents getting shorter from breaking. But, cutting the hair does not stimulate hair growth or favor thick hair growth.   MYTH 5: ALL HAIR LOSS IS PERMANENT    It is one of the popular hair loss myths. Hair loss can be temporary or permanent, and hair losses that are caused by factors other than genetics are usually not permanent. If the cause of hair fall damages the hair follicle, hair cannot grow from the damaged follicle, and having many numbers of damaged hair follicles creates permanent bald spots.     MYTH 6: BRUSH HUNDRED STROKES A DAY FOR A HEALTHIER HAIR   Some people say brushing hair many times may add shine and stimulate hair growth. But, brushing continuously may cause friction on hair, damage the cuticle and result in frizzy hair. American Academy of Dermatology Association [https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/hair-loss/insider/stop-damage] states that hair never needs hundred brush strokes per day, and it’s a myth. Brush and comb the hair only to detangle and style it. Gently comb your hair using a wide-toothed comb.    HAIR CARE TIPS TO FOLLOW   * How often anyone should wash their hair depends on how oily it is. Frequently wash if you have oily hair. * Use hair conditioner after shampooing unless you use a 2-in-1 shampoo that cleans as well as conditions hair. * Wear a scarf around the hair, and use an umbrella or a wide-brimmed hat to protect your hair from sun damage. If you have fine or light-colored hair, your hair is more prone to damage from the sun. * Avoid rubbing the hair with a towel to dry it. Instead, wrap the hair in your towel to absorb the water. * Wear a swim cap if you swim, and rinse the pool water out of your hair with clear water. * Know your hair type and choose the hair care products suitable for your hair type. * Poor nutrition is a risk factor for hair loss. Have nutrient-rich foods. Include spinach, eggs, green leafy vegetables, fatty fish, avocados, and berries in your diet, as they contain nutrients that promote hair health.   WHEN TO VISIT A PHYSICIAN?   When you experience sudden or patchy hair loss, experiencing hair fall more than usual when washing or combing, or persistent hair loss, talk with your health care professional. The sooner you start treatment for hair loss [https://www.mrmed.in/condition/hair-loss], the more effective it will be.  
Guruvigneshwari
February 2nd Rheumatoid Arthritis Awareness Day
2 Feb 2023
9 mins
February 2nd Rheumatoid Arthritis Awareness DaySORE TODAY AND STRONGER TOMORROW!   Rheumatoid disease (RD), also known as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system attacks and damages the linings of its own joints, causing inflammation, joint stiffness, swelling, and pain. People all over the world are affected by RA. In India, the prevalence is estimated to be 0.7%, with approximately 10 lakh people suffering from this type of arthritis. Osteoarthritis differs completely from RA [https://www.mrmed.in/health-library/rheumatology/difference-between-osteoarthritis-rheumatoid-arthritis]. Although men can be affected, it is much more common in women due to hormonal imbalances or changes they experience. If untreated, RA can cause cartilage and bone damage, causing joints to shift out of place and, in some cases, become permanently deformed. Join hands and spread awareness on this rheumatoid arthritis awareness day.     ORIGIN OF THE DISEASE     People of all ages are affected by Rheumatoid arthritis, which has been known to humans since the dawn of time. The illness was uncommon before the 1600s. British rheumatologist Dr. Alfred Baring Garrod first coined the term "rheumatoid arthritis" in 1859. Traditional treatments like leaching and bloodletting were the only options in the days of yore. Around 1988, methotrexate treatments first became available. A few months or weeks later, the illness may recur for some people after going into remission. Medicines containing heavy metals are beginning to show some promise.    SIGNIFICANCE OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS AWARENESS DAY   Increasing Awareness is the First step in healing   Every year, on February 2nd, Rheumatoid Arthritis Awareness Day is observed. The Rheumatoid Patient Foundation created it in 2013. In reality, studies have shown that a lack of patient education and public knowledge regarding RA can result in gaps in medical care and prevent patients from seeking essential medical advice, which leads to ineffective therapy. The main theme of this day is to raise awareness about the condition and fight it. This day is significant because it allows many people who are affected by RA to learn about treatment and early diagnosis.    RA awareness day has its own ribbon symbol to increase awareness, strengthen RA education, and foster empathy for those who deal with this chronic illness. Its distinguishing colors are indigo and gold, which have a common theme.   * The body of the ribbon is indigo, which is meant to stand for wisdom, knowledge, and infinity, emphasizing the importance of education and awareness in combating misunderstood illnesses. * The ribbon's gold lining stands for victory and hope. People who have been diagnosed with RA and are still hoping for a quick cure will be encouraged by this more cheerful color.   CHARACTERISTIC MANIFESTATION OF RA   People with RA frequently experience swelling, pain, and warmth in the hands, feet, wrists, elbows, knees, and ankle joints. If a joint on one side of the body is affected, the same joint on the opposite side is also usually affected. Morning stiffness or stiffness after rest, fatigue, low-grade fever, and weight loss may occur. Rheumatoid Arthritis symptoms aren't limited to the joints because they can affect other organs.   DOES AGE REALLY MATTER?   Typically there is a misconception that Rheumatoid Arthritis is an 'older age disease.' RA usually appears between the ages of 30 and 60. Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, can affect anyone at any age. Young-onset rheumatoid arthritis (YORA) affects children and young adults between the ages of 16 and 40.   Later-onset rheumatoid arthritis (LORA) occurs in people who develop symptoms after the age of 60.   Kids can also be affected; the most common kind of arthritis in children under the age of 17 is rheumatoid arthritis. Also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), the development of this disease is unknown because it's unclear what triggers the immune system to overreact. It may be influenced by both heredity and environmental factors.   RISK FACTORS OF RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS   A number of risk factors cause rheumatoid arthritis [https://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/basics/rheumatoid-arthritis.html]. Some of them are   1. Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis and worsens the disease. 2. Obesity: Being Obese can raise the risk of developing RA. 3. Age: The onset of RA can occur at any age, but the probability increases with age. Adults in their sixties are most likely to develop RA. 4. Family history: You are more likely to get RA if you have a close relative who already has it. 5. Gender: Women are two to three times more likely to get rheumatoid arthritis. 6. Infertility: Women who never gave birth are at an increased risk of getting Rheumatoid Arthritis 7. Genetics: Individuals born with certain genes HLA (human leukocyte antigen) class II genotypes are more likely to develop RA.   EARLY DETECTION IS THE KEY   Your healthcare provider may refer you to a rheumatologist, a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating arthritis. RA is diagnosed through a review of symptoms and your medical history, blood tests, and imaging tests. It is preferable to diagnose RA early, within 6 months of the onset of symptoms, so patients can begin treatment to slow or stop disease progression.    The blood tests look for signs of rheumatoid arthritis, such as inflammation and blood proteins (antibodies) are,    * Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) * C-Reactive protein (CRP) * Cyclic Citrullinated Proteins (CCP) * Rheumatoid Factor (RF)  Your rheumatologist may order imaging tests such as MRI, Ultrasounds, and X-rays to look for signs that your joints are deteriorating. Rheumatoid arthritis can wear down the ends of the bones in your joints.   GOALS IN TREATING RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS   As is the case with most autoimmune diseases, there is no cure for the condition. We can, however, manage RA with proper lifestyle habits and medication. The primary goal of rheumatoid arthritis treatment is to reduce joint pain and swelling. This should aid in the maintenance or improvement of joint function. The long-term goal of treatment is to reduce or eliminate joint damage. Controlling joint inflammation relieves pain and enhances life quality.   LIVING WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS   Every day is not a Roller coaster ride!   Sometimes your rheumatoid arthritis (RA) symptoms worsen, and other times you feel great. There are a few simple tips that make things easier.    1. Taking care of yourself 2. Incorporating low-impact aerobic exercise  [https://www.mrmed.in/health-library/rheumatology/best-exercises-for-rheumatoid-arthritis] 3. Diet and maintaining a healthy weight 4. Infusing stress-free lifestyle [https://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/tips-living-with-ra] 5. Trying Heat and cold therapy 6. Practicing a regular bedtime routine 7. Review with regular medications   Give a go to the above-mentioned simple strategies during rheumatoid awareness day 2023 to help yourself and those around you.
Dr. Karpagam Anand
National Cancer Prevention Month -February 2023
1 Feb 2023
9 mins
National Cancer Prevention Month -February 2023NATIONAL CANCER PREVENTION MONTH - FEBRUARY 2023   February marks National Cancer Prevention Month. Cancer has been claiming lives for years. One of the most common non-communicable diseases, cancer, has been the leading cause of deaths globally. In 2020, nearly 10 million deaths were reported due to cancer [https://nationaltoday.com/national-cancer-prevention-month/]. Now, anyone can get cancer, and there are no exact ways of preventing it. This is because the exact causes of cancer remain unknown. However, there are various known risk factors of cancer that may increase a person's likelihood of developing cancer. Reducing and preventing these risk factors may be helpful in preventing or reducing the risk of cancer.    This blog will help us in learning about the ways to reduce the risk of developing cancer   RISK FACTORS OF CANCER    Before learning the ways to reduce the risks of developing cancer, let's discuss the various risk factors that may increase an individual’s risk of developing cancer. The various cancer risk factors include the following,    * Family history * Smoking and tobacco use [https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/cancerandtobacco/index.html#:~:text=Tobacco%20use%20is%20the%20leading,and%20a%20type%20of%20leukemia.] * Alcohol consumption * Hormones * Exposure to some chemicals * Infections caused by certain viruses (like human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B and C virus) * Long-term, unprotected UV light exposure or exposure to radiation * Unhealthy diet and eating habits * Lack of physical activity * Obesity   WAYS TO REDUCE THE RISK OF DEVELOPING CANCER    1. STOP SMOKING AND USING TOBACCO PRODUCTS    Tobacco use, whether through smoking or chewing, has been linked to several types of cancer, including lungs, mouth, voice box, throat, pancreas, kidney, cervix, and bladder. Even exposure to secondhand smoke can raise the risk of lung cancer. To reduce the risk of developing cancer, avoiding or quitting tobacco is crucial. To quit smoking and consuming tobacco, help can be taken from a healthcare provider, as they can offer support and resources to help individuals quit, such as stop-smoking products and other quitting methods.   2. IT IS IMPORTANT TO GET VACCINATED    To reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, like cervical and genital cancers, it's important to protect against viral infections. This can be done by getting vaccinated. Vaccinations are available for the following viruses that, when taken, may help in reducing the risk of certain types of cancer,    * Hepatitis B: This virus can increase the risk of liver cancer. High-risk groups for contracting hepatitis B include those with multiple sexual partners, those with a partner who has multiple partners, people with STIs, drug users, and healthcare/public safety workers who may come in contact with infected blood or bodily fluids. * Human papillomavirus (HPV): It is a sexually transmitted virus that can increase a person's risk of developing cervical cancer, genital cancers, and head and neck squamous cell cancers.   3. EAT A CLEAN AND A HEALTHY DIET [https://www.mrmed.in/health-library/cancer-care/anti-cancer-foods]    Diet is one factor that can be altered to reduce cancer risk. Research has shown that certain foods, such as processed meats, red meat, deep-fried foods, salted fish, sugar-sweetened drinks, fast food, and hot beverages, may increase the likelihood of developing cancer. Avoiding regular intake of these foods may help in reducing the risk of cancer.  To reduce the risk of cancer, it is important to incorporate a high intake of fruits and vegetables into the diet. Plant-based foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes can be added to the daily diet. Choosing low-calorie options and limiting consumption of high-calorie foods is equally essential. Additionally, avoiding excessive consumption of refined sugars and animal-based fats is important.   4. MAINTAINING A HEALTHY WEIGHT AND STAYING PHYSICALLY ACTIVE   Obesity has been linked with an increased risk of several types of cancer, including kidney, pancreatic, breast, ovarian, esophagus, colon, thyroid, multiple myeloma, and uterus. Being obese also raises the likelihood of developing severe health conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes. In addition, obesity can cause chronic inflammation and hormonal imbalances, which may further increase the risk of cancer.   A healthy weight can be maintained by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. A lack of physical activity can also cause obesity. Hence, it is important to be active. You can try brisk walking, jogging, yoga, swimming, cycling, or any other exercise you like to maintain a healthy weight.    5. AVOID RISKY BEHAVIORS   Avoiding risky behaviors is another strategy for preventing cancer. Practicing safe sex by limiting the number of sexual partners and using condoms can help reduce the risk of developing cancer. Avoid sharing needles since using shared needles can lead to HIV and hepatitis B and C, which are known to raise the risk of liver cancer.   6. PROTECT YOURSELF FROM THE HARMFUL RAYS OF THE SUN   Skin cancer happens to be one of the most common and preventable forms of cancer. To reduce your risk of skin cancer, follow these tips,   * Avoid being in the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m where the UV light. * Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30 and reapply every 2 hours or after swimming or sweating * Seek shade from sun and wear protective clothing, such as a hat and sunglasses, to cover your skin * Avoid using tanning beds or sunlamps   7. LIMIT YOUR ALCOHOL INTAKE    Drinking too much alcohol increases the chances of developing certain cancers, such as mouth, liver, throat, and colon cancers. Heavy alcohol consumption also elevates the risk of breast cancer in women. Additionally, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption combined amplify the risk of various alcohol-related cancers.   8. GET REGULAR SCREENINGS DONE    Early detection is the key to treat cancer successfully and it can be done by regular self-examinations and getting screened for cancers such as breast, skin, colon, and cervix. Additionally, regular screenings are even more important for people with a family history of cancer.    TOGETHER, WE CAN FIGHT CANCER   Cancers can happen to anyone. Reducing the risk factors is a great way of reducing the risk of developing cancers. It is important to educate our family and friends about the various risk factors of cancer. This National Cancer Prevention Month 2023, take an oath to spread awareness among your kith and kin about the various cancer risk factors and the importance of getting regular screenings done. Encourage the people you know to get screened for cancer, especially if they have a family history as it is better to be safe than sorry.
Arwa. Aliakber
Prevention Of Chronic Kidney Disease 6 Things You Should Not Do
31 Jan 2023
6 mins
Prevention Of Chronic Kidney Disease 6 Things You Should Not DoIf you or your loved one have diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disorders, this content is for you. These disorders can put you at more risk of developing chronic kidney disease, a condition in which your kidneys do not work as well as they should. Managing the health conditions you have is the first step in the prevention of chronic kidney disease. Here are six things you should not do in the prevention of CKD.   PREVENTION OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE [https://www.mrmed.in/condition/kidney-disease]   1. DO NOT SMOKE   The first thing that tops the list of things you should not do in the prevention of CKD is smoking. Smoking can damage the heart and blood vessels and slows the blood flow to vital organs like kidneys. Over time, this poor blood flow can cause kidney damage.    If you are diagnosed with blood pressure, you should be extra cautious with this smoking as it can affect the medications you take and blood pressure levels. Poorly controlled blood pressure is the most important cause of kidney disease. Smoking can even increase your risk of kidney cancer.    2. DON’T DRINK ALCOHOL   Alcohol is one of the toxic substances your kidney filters. Though, alcohol can dehydrate the body [https://www.kidney.org/news/kidneyCare/winter10/AlcoholAffects]and affect the function of kidneys. Excessive alcohol drinking can prevent kidneys from filtering blood properly and disrupts the hormones that influence kidney function. Binge drinking can even lead to acute kidney failure (sudden loss in kidney function).   It can also cause high blood pressure and affect blood pressure medications which can lead to kidney damage. What’s worse? Smokers who drink heavily are five times more likely to develop chronic kidney disease than individuals who don’t smoke or drink excess alcohol. Avoid alcohol consumption or limit to the levels recommended by your healthcare provider.    3. LIMIT SODIUM   Too much salt can make it hard for the kidneys to remove fluids, and fluid buildup can increase blood pressure. Over time, this high blood pressure puts extra strain on the heart and weakens heart muscles. Heart disease [https://www.mrmed.in/condition/heart-disorder], as well as high blood pressure both, can increase the risk of developing chronic kidney disease.    Be sure your diet does not include any more than 2300 mg per day. If you have blood pressure, an ideal limit may be even less. Ask your healthcare professional how much salt you can take. Instead of eating prepared foods, cook foods with less salt. Add spices and herbs to flavor the food. You can add dill, curry, ginger, bay leaf, cardamom, and basil.   4. AVOID USING NON-PRESCRIPTION PAIN RELIEVERS   Many of us go to the local pharmacy and buy an over-the-counter pain medicine if we have a headache or fever. While these medicines are generally safe, we should know that no medicine carries zero risk. Overuse of pain medicines called NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen can cause kidney damage.    At high doses, these drugs have a harmful effect on kidney tissues by reducing blood flow. It is very essential to check with your physician if you take these medicines often or at high doses and should not be used with your physician’s permission if you have low kidney function. Take these medicines exactly as recommended and drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration while you use these medications.    5. AVOID EATING PROCESSED FOODS   Processed foods consist of high amounts of sodium and phosphorus to increase the flavor and taste. Phosphorus in high quantities can cause harm to the kidneys and bones. It also increases the risk of brain and heart problems. Avoid pickles, canned foods, and fast foods. Be sure to check labels when buying packaged foods and see whether the sodium and phosphorus quantity is within your ideal limit.   6. SAY NO TO A HIGH-FAT DIET   Fats are vital as they protect your organs, help the absorption of vital nutrients, and produce energy. Too much fat buildup in the body is bad, especially for the heart. When the heart gets weak, it also affects the kidney. Prefer Steam, boil, or baked foods over fried foods. Remove the skin from poultry & trim fat from meat. Limit products of coconut oil, palm oil, cocoa butter and bacon fat.   BRIDGE THE KNOWLEDGE GAP FOR BETTER KIDNEY CARE   The kidneys are the most vital organs among the other organs of the human body. Malfunctions of the kidneys can result in serious illness or even death. Each kidney has a very complex structure and performs important functions such as flushing out harmful and toxic waste products, maintaining fluid balance i.e., water and electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, etc. Your good health needs properly functioning kidneys. If you are at risk of kidney diseases, take steps to prevent kidney diseases and stay happy.
Guruvigneshwari