HPV Vaccination In India - Everything You Need To Know

HPV Vaccination In India  - Everything You Need To Know
11 Jan 2023
8 mins
Table Of Content
HPV Vaccination In India - Everything You Need To Know

    Don't Hesitate! Lets Vaccinate!

    There has been a long debate about HPV vaccination in India among the general public and researchers. To persuade the situation, researchers analyzed almost two dozen preceding studies. They confirmed the victory with no doubts that HPV vaccination successfully prevents women from HPV infection and from developing the abnormal cells that can lead to cervical cancer. Now it is the time for us to dust off that big antiquarian book and catch insights into their research on cervical cancer and HPV vaccination in India. Get your bookmarks ready. Make sure you don't miss any single page!

    HPV And History Of HPV Vaccine 

    The human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a family of more than 200 strains of viruses that are extremely common in humans infecting both the skin and the cells that line the inside of the body. Most of the time, the HPV infection is harmless and resolves on its own, but some can develop diseases such as cervical cancer or genital warts. Only when certain types of viruses, or strains of viruses, are unable to be fought off by the body's immune system can they cause damage that could lead to cancer. HPV types known to cause cancer are classified as "high risk." There are currently 14 high-risk HPV types known. After seven years of ground-breaking research, design, and testing, the first human trials for the HPV vaccine were completed and launched into the market in 2006. 

    HPV Protection In Cervical Cancer

    Globally, cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women. In India, it is the second most common cancer among women, next to breast cancer. It is mainly caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), which is the most common sexually transmitted virus. There is no cure for the virus itself, but one can prevent it by getting vaccinated. Though there are about 200 strains, about 40 strains are transmitted through direct sexual contact. Some of the strains cause other infections like genital warts. HPV vaccines can protect you against cancer-causing strains or genital warts.        

    The Action Of The HPV Vaccine 

    The HPV vaccine contains a virus simulation (inactive virus) rather than a live virus. It is not capable of causing cancer or infection. The HPV vaccine stimulates the body's production of antibodies against HPV. When a person is exposed to the real virus, these antibodies can prevent it from creating an infection.

    Cervical Cancer Vaccine In India

    Roll Up Your Sleeve For The Vaccine!

    There are currently six licensed HPV vaccines worldwide, two of which are named Gardasil (first ever vaccine approved by FDA in 2006) and Cervarix, available in India (internationally imported). Both cervical cancer vaccines in India are licensed and manufactured by recombinant DNA technology. 

    Vaccination Schedule And Dose


    For all vaccines, the vaccination schedule depends on the age of the vaccine receiver.

    Ages 9 to 14 years: Across the world, the HPV vaccination is most effective when administered between the ages of 9 and 14 years. Early vaccination provides the best protection against HPV cancers. Two doses of vaccine six months apart are given for this age group. 

    Ages 15 to 26 years: Three vaccine doses are given for this age group. The second dose will be two or three months apart from the first dose, and the third dose will be given six months after the first dose.

    Ages above 26: Because more people have already been exposed to the virus, the vaccine is less effective in this age group. Sometimes, your doctor may advise you to get the vaccine as an adult. 

    HPV vaccination in India is highly recommended for all children and adults under the age of 26 who have not been fully vaccinated against HPV earlier. Researchers say the vaccine is extremely effective when administered before engaging in first sexual intercourse.      

    CERVAVAC - India's First HPV Vaccine

    On September 1, 2022, the union minister of science and technology announced the successful completion of India's first indigenously made HPV vaccine, Cervavac, to prevent cervical cancer. The Indian vaccine will be a game changer in bringing down the rate of cervical cancer because of its reduced price. The New cervical cancer vaccine price in India is comparatively low than the imported vaccine. Cervavac acts against four different strains of HPV, hence it is called a quadrivalent vaccine. However, the vaccine is most effective during pre-adolescent age. Doctors have stressed that this vaccine can be administered from the age of 9 to 45. In the age range of 9 to 14 years, two doses spaced at six months are sufficient, whereas in the age range of 15 to 45 years require a three-dosage regimen (0, 1-2, 6 months). People with low immunity also require a three-dose regimen. 

    Cervavac Vaccination Drive

    The National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI) head has recently announced that India would roll out the Cervavac immunization program for girls aged 9-14 to prevent cervical cancer and  Human Papillomavirus (HPV)  under a national vaccination program. The nationwide vaccination drive will begin by mid-May 2023.

    Who Should Not Receive The HPV Vaccine? 

    Firstly, People who had allergic reactions to the ingredients in the HPV vaccine or are allergic to the previous dose of HPV vaccine and allergic to yeast should not receive the vaccine. Secondly, pregnant women should not receive the vaccine. It is advisable to consult a gynecologist or general practitioner before getting the HPV shot.  

    Fors And Against Of HPV Vaccine

    A Little Pain For A Lot Of Gains.

    The biggest advantage is the vaccine reduces your risk for cervical cancer and other HPV infections. There are not many disadvantages associated with getting the HPV vaccination in India. Like other vaccines, it may cause mild side effects. The common but mild side effects of the HPV vaccine are fever, muscle pain, tiredness, headache, and dizziness. 

    Don't Wait - Vaccinate!

    Vaccination is not just a figure; it is the reflection of strength. The scientific completion of the HPV vaccine is one of the proud moments for India. It is essential for everyone to know about cervical cancer awareness and HPV vaccination in India. From the effectiveness of Cervavac to who can and cannot take the vaccine, this blog has given you comprehensive insights. Then why wait when the right is here? Ask your gynecologist at your next visit about the vaccine and get your shot done.

    Written by
    Dr. Karpagam AnandMedical Content Writer
    AboutPharm D
    Tags :HPV vaccineCervical Cancer VaccineHPV Vaccination In IndiaCervical Cancer