Mammogram: What It Is, Types, Purpose & Results

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10 Oct 2023
7 min
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Mammogram: What It Is, Types, Purpose & Results

    Unveiling The Future Of Breast Health


    Mammography is a crucial medical imaging technique used primarily to detect breast cancer in its early stages. It involves using X-rays to create detailed images of the breast tissue. A mammogram is a low-dose X-ray procedure designed to examine the breast tissue for signs of abnormalities, primarily detecting breast cancer. The process involves placing the breast between two plates of the mammography machine, which compresses the breast to spread out the tissue, allowing for clear X-ray images to be captured. This article will explore what a mammogram is, the different types of mammograms, its purpose, and what results one can expect from this diagnostic procedure.


    History Of Mammography


    Mammography, an indispensable tool in modern healthcare, has a fascinating history that dates back to the early 20th century. The origins of mammography can be traced to the discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen in 1895. Following this groundbreaking discovery, medical professionals began exploring the potential of X-rays in diagnosing various medical conditions.

    The first rudimentary mammography images were produced in the 1910s, but the technique evolved significantly. In the 1960s and 1970s, advancements in X-ray technology and the development of dedicated mammography machines greatly improved the quality and accuracy of breast imaging. Initially, mammograms were primarily used for diagnostic purposes, but their potential for early breast cancer detection became evident. As the importance of early breast cancer detection gained recognition, mammography transitioned from being primarily diagnostic to becoming a powerful screening tool. The American Cancer Society and other healthcare organizations began advocating for regular mammogram screenings, particularly for women over 40.


    Types Of Mammograms


    • Screening Mammogram: A screening mammogram is the most common type and is used to detect breast cancer in individuals with no symptoms or signs of breast abnormalities. It is typically recommended as a routine examination for women aged 40 and older.
    • Diagnostic Mammogram: A diagnostic mammogram is performed when there are symptoms like a lump, nipple discharge, or changes in breast shape or size. It provides a more detailed view of the breast tissue to aid in diagnosing and characterizing any abnormalities detected.


    Purpose Of Mammograms


    The primary purpose of mammograms is early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. Detecting breast cancer in its early stages significantly increases the chances of successful treatment and improved outcomes. Mammograms detect small tumors or growths that may not be felt during a physical examination. In regular screening of breast mammograms can help detect breast cancer before it has spread, allowing for more effective and less aggressive treatment options. It is a critical tool in reducing mortality rates associated with breast cancer by catching the disease at an early, more treatable stage.


    The Mammogram Procedure


    • Before the procedure, it's essential to inform the healthcare provider if you are pregnant or have breast implants, as this may affect the mammogram process. On mammogram day, you should avoid using deodorants, lotions, or powders on your underarms or breasts.
    • A technologist will position your breast on the mammography machine during the mammogram and gently compress it with a paddle. This compression helps spread the breast tissue and allows for clear images to be taken.
    • The technologist will take multiple X-ray images of each breast from different angles. You may experience some discomfort during the compression, but it only lasts a few seconds per image.
    • Once the images are captured, the radiologist will review them to ensure the quality and adequacy of the images. The results will then be shared with you and your healthcare provider.


    Understanding Mammogram Results


    After a mammogram, the results are categorized into: 

    • Negative Results: The mammogram is negative if no abnormalities or cancer are detected. However, this does not guarantee the absence of breast cancer. Regular screenings are essential for ongoing monitoring.
    • Positive Results: Understanding positive mammogram result is important , it indicates that the radiologist has identified an area of concern. This could be a mass, calcifications, or other abnormalities that require further evaluation, possibly including additional imaging tests or a biopsy.




    Mammograms are vital in breast cancer detection and are recommended for all women, particularly as they age. They offer the best chance of detecting breast cancer early, allowing for timely and appropriate treatment. Understanding the types of mammograms, their purpose, and the potential results is essential in ensuring women are proactive about their breast health. Regular screenings and early detection are critical in improving breast cancer outcomes and saving lives. Discuss with your healthcare provider when to start mammograms and how often to have them based on your health history and risk factors.

    Written by
    Dr Archana GuptaMedical Content Writer
    AboutDr. Archana is a Medical Content Writer at MrMed. She graduated with a Bachelor's of Dentistry (BDS) from Surendera Dental College, Ganganangar, Rajasthan in 2019. She participated in various aspects of clinical services, research projects and has written various blogs and articles. She is proficient in researching, writing, editing, proofreading of medical content and blogs.
    Tags :MammographyBreast Cancer ScreeningmamograohymamograohyBreast Health