April's Mission: Break The Silence On Testicular Cancer

April's Mission: Break The Silence On Testicular Cancer
8 Apr 2024
8 mins
Table Of Content
April's Mission: Break The Silence On Testicular Cancer

    April isn't just about sunny skies and warmer weather—it's also a reminder to check in on something we often overlook: our sexual health. Yep, you guessed it! April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month, giving us the perfect opportunity to take a closer look at our reproductive well-being. It's easy to brush aside, but today, let's dive into why prioritizing our sexual health matters, especially when it comes to preventing the sneaky threat of testicular cancer. Continue to read for more information!

    Why Is It Important To Check For Testicular Cancer?


    Testicles are the egg-shaped glands inside the scrotum that produce testosterone and sperm. Testicular cancer is when abnormal cells start to grow in either one or both testicle tissues. Most males between the ages of 15 and 35 are diagnosed with testicular cancer, even though it is uncommon and only makes up 1% of all cancers in men.

    Is Testicular Cancer 100% Curable?

    In the past two decades, treatment for testicular cancer has significantly improved, with successful outcomes achieved through radiation and chemotherapy. Regardless of the cancer's stage, over 95% of individuals can be cured. Therefore, all testicular cancer treatments aim for a cure. It's crucial to understand the severity of the illness and the specific type of testicular cancer to ensure the most effective treatment.

    Why Is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month celebrated? 

    Testicular Cancer Awareness Month provides a chance to increase knowledge about this illness and support initiatives for education and prevention. We can ensure that more men receive prompt and efficient treatment by spreading knowledge about the characteristic signs and symptoms of testicular cancer, as well as the value of routine self-examinations and early detection. Also, we can enhance outcomes for persons afflicted by this ailment by promoting research initiatives to better comprehend the origins of testicular cancer and create novel treatments. 

    Testicular Cancer Awareness Month 2024 is a significant opportunity to draw attention to a particular type of cancer that affects men of all ages and is comparatively uncommon but highly treatable. 

    What are The Types Of Testicular Cancer?


    Germ cells in the testicles are the primary source of most testicular malignancies. Testicular cancer is also known as germ cell tumors (GCTs). 


    The two most common varieties of testicular germ cell carcinoma are:


    1. Seminomas - They can develop in people aged 15 to 50. Yet, 35 is the typical age at diagnosis. Seminomas comprise 40 to 45 percent (40 to 45%) of testicular cancers.
    2. Non-seminomas - In most cases, non-seminomas develop between 15 and 35 years of age. Testicular malignancies other than seminoma account for 40 to 45 in 100 (40 to 45%) cases. They are made up of various cell types or might be formed simply by one type. They consist of teratomas, embryonal tumors, yolk sac tumors, and choriocarcinomas.


    Sometimes, testicular cancers are a combination of non-seminomas and seminomas. This type of cancer is also known as a mixed germ cell tumor. Lumping the testicles is the most typical sign of testicular cancer. However, there may also be additional symptoms and signs, such as testicular swelling, which is often painless; however, it can sometimes suddenly enlarge and cause a dull aching, pain, or sensation of heaviness in the scrotum.

    Testicular Cancer Risk: What You Need to Know


    Although the precise etiology of testicular cancer is not entirely understood, several factors may make a man more likely to get the disease. The following are considered some of the most typical risk factors:


    • Age: Young and middle-aged males, particularly those between 15 and 35 years, are most likely to develop testicular cancer.
    • Family History: Testicular cancer is more likely to affect men whose families have a history of the disease.
    • Race: Men who are white in color are more likely to develop testicular cancer when compared to others.
    • Previous testicular cancer: Men who have already experienced testicular cancer in one of the testicles are more likely to experience it in the other.
    • Abnormal testicular development: Men born with certain diseases that impact the development of the testicles, such as undescended testicles or abnormal testicular development, may be at an increased risk of developing testicular cancer.

    How do I check myself for testicular cancer?

    Self-examination is the key to cure! 


    It is essential to inspect the testicles for changes starting from puberty frequently. Typically, testicular cancer is curable. However, an early diagnosis makes treatment more accessible. Testicular self-examination is a necessary procedure used to check for testicular cancer. The texture of a healthy testicle should be firm and smooth but not rigid.


    Men should conduct a self-exam properly:


    • Decide on a relaxed period, such as during or after a shower, when the scrotum is relaxed.
    • Put the thumb on top and the index and middle fingers underneath the testicle.
    • Roll the testicle between your fingers firmly yet gently.
    • Check the testicles for swelling, color changes, or shape changes.
    • If any lumps, bumps, or other unpleasant changes are noticed, immediately consult a doctor.


    Little variations in testicle size are expected. The fact that one hangs lower than the other is also common. Each testicle has an epididymis (a tube that carries sperm) behind the top. It has a spiral, soft feel to it. Sometimes, the epididymis frequently develops benign tumors or harmless cysts. 

    Testicular Self-Care Tips 

    While there is no surefire way to prevent testicular cancer, there are several precautions men can take. Among the most successful preventative measures are:

    • Regular self-examinations to look for lumps or any changes in the testicles.
    • Avoid exposure to potentially hazardous or carcinogens such as tobacco and pesticides.
    • Using protective equipment during sports or activities that may result in testicular damage.
    • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle includes eating healthy food, sleeping, and doing routine exercises.


    A Quick Rundown


    Out of the mountains of despair, there is always a stone of hope.


    To summarise, testicular cancer is a severe condition that can have dire effects on a man's life. But, with early discovery and treatment, most men can recover completely and lead healthy, fulfilling lives. In this testicular cancer awareness month, men should be aware of the risks, symptoms, and self-examination options associated with this condition and make efforts to lower their chances of developing testicular cancer.


    We can improve outcomes and save lives by raising awareness and educating males about this issue. So, let's get the word out and encourage all men to prioritize their health by performing frequent self-exams, consulting a doctor if they see any changes in their testicles, and taking steps to lower their risk of testicular cancer.

    Written by
    Ishwarya RMedical Content Writer
    AboutIshwary R is a Medical Content Writer at MrMed. She completed her PG from the University of Madras, Chennai. She did her final year project in CSIR-CLRI, Adyar, entitled Studies on production of Biosurfactant by bacillus subtilis using Leather industry bioproduct. She did her offline internship and learned clinical Laboratory skills in Billroth hospital and her online internship in SS Healthcare. She strengthened her skills in research, writing, editing, and proofreading medical content, blogs, and scientific articles.
    Tags :Testicular cancerTesticular cancer awareness monthTesticles Testicular cancer awareness