The Ultimate Guide To Acid Reflux Symptoms, Treatment And Medications - Video

4 Jan 2022
5 mins

Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a prevalent condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Understanding its symptoms, available treatments, and effective medications is crucial for managing this chronic ailment. 


What Are the Symptoms of Acid Reflux?


Acid reflux manifests through several common symptoms. The most prominent sign is heartburn, characterised by a burning sensation in the chest that often worsens after eating or when lying down. Other symptoms include regurgitation of food or sour liquid, difficulty swallowing, chronic cough, laryngitis, and the sensation of a lump in the throat. Some individuals may also experience chest pain, which can sometimes be mistaken for a heart attack.


What Foods Help Acid Reflux Go Away?


Diet plays a significant role in managing acid reflux. Certain foods can exacerbate symptoms, while others can help alleviate them. Individuals with acid reflux should avoid spicy, fatty, and fried foods, as well as citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, caffeine, and carbonated beverages. Instead, here’s what you should eat:

  • Oatmeal: This whole grain is an excellent source of fiber and is known for its ability to absorb stomach acid, providing relief from acid reflux symptoms.
  • Ginger: Known for its anti-inflammatory properties, ginger can help soothe the stomach and reduce acid reflux symptoms.
  • Green Vegetables: Vegetables like broccoli, green beans, and asparagus are low in fat and sugar, making them ideal choices for those with acid reflux.
  • Lean Proteins: Foods like chicken, turkey, and fish are less likely to trigger acid reflux compared to fatty meats.
  • Non-Citrus Fruits: Fruits such as bananas, melons, apples, and pears are less acidic than citrus fruits and are less likely to trigger acid reflux.
  • Whole Grains: Whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat bread are high in fiber and can help absorb stomach acid, reducing reflux symptoms.


What is the Treatment for Acid Reflux?


Treating acid reflux involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medications, and sometimes surgical interventions. 

1. Lifestyle Modifications: One of the primary treatments for acid reflux involves making significant lifestyle changes. For instance, maintaining a healthy weight can reduce pressure on the stomach and lower the risk of acid reflux. Avoiding foods and drinks that trigger symptoms is crucial; common culprits include spicy foods, caffeine, alcohol, and chocolate.

2. Medications: Over-the-counter medications like antacids can provide quick relief by neutralizing stomach acid. For more persistent symptoms, H2 blockers, such as ranitidine, reduce the amount of acid the stomach produces. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), including omeprazole and lansoprazole, are even more effective at reducing stomach acid production.

3. Dietary Changes: Adjusting one's diet is a critical component of treating acid reflux. Incorporating foods that are less likely to trigger symptoms can make a significant difference. For example, lean proteins, such as chicken and fish, vegetables like broccoli and green beans, and non-citrus fruits, such as bananas and melons, are typically safe choices.

4. Natural Remedies and Supplements: Some individuals find relief through natural remedies and supplements. Herbal teas like chamomile or licorice root can soothe the digestive tract. Aloe vera juice is another option that may help reduce inflammation and promote healing.

5. Surgical Options: For those with severe or persistent acid reflux that does not respond to lifestyle changes or medications, surgical intervention may be necessary. Procedures such as fundoplication, where the top of the stomach is wrapped around the lower esophagus to strengthen the sphincter, can provide long-term relief.

Acidity, or acid reflux, can be managed effectively through several approaches. Medications such as antacids, H2 blockers, and proton pump inhibitors play a pivotal role in reducing stomach acid and providing relief. Lifestyle changes, including dietary adjustments and weight management, are essential in controlling symptoms. 

Dr. Shivam KhareConsultant Gastroenterologist and Liver Specialist11 Years
AboutMBBS, MD (Medicine), DNB (Gastro)
Tags :AcidReflexMrMedAcidity