Gastroparesis Symptoms, Treatment, And Dietary Guidelines

Gastroparesis Symptoms, Treatment, And Dietary Guidelines
24 Aug 2023
9 mins
Table Of Content
Gastroparesis Symptoms, Treatment, And Dietary Guidelines

    Relief May Be Closer Than You Think!


    Have you ever felt nauseous, bloated, or suddenly full after only a few bites of food? If the answer is yes, you may be experiencing gastroparesis, a condition where your stomach empties too slowly. The good news is there are ways to manage symptoms and improve your quality of life. First, recognize the signs like nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, bloating, and abdominal pain. See your doctor right away for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. They may prescribe medication to help your stomach empty properly or recommend diet and lifestyle changes. Focus on eating smaller meals, choosing low-fat foods that are high in protein and fiber, and staying hydrated. Avoid fatty, high-fiber, or high-sugar options that can worsen symptoms. With the right treatment and following a gastroparesis friendly diet, you can get your stomach back on track and start enjoying meals again. The key is not to ignore your symptoms and to work closely with your doctor to find what works best for you. Stay positive, be kind to yourself, and keep trying different solutions.

    Gastroparesis Symptoms


    • Nausea and vomiting: Feeling sick and throwing up undigested food. This can happen right after eating or hours later.
    • Loss of appetite: Not feeling hungry or wanting to eat due to nausea or bloating.
    • Bloating: Your abdomen feels swollen, tight, or distended, especially after eating. Excess gas and indigestion may also occur.
    • Early fullness: Feeling full after eating only a small amount of food.
    • Abdominal pain: Cramping or aching in the upper part of your belly. The pain may come and go or be constant.


    Other symptoms can include heartburn, reflux, diarrhea, or constipation. The severity of symptoms can vary from mild to severe based on your gastroparesis's underlying cause and progression. 


    Gastroparesis Treatment


    When it comes to treating gastroparesis, there are several emerging therapeutic options for gastroparesis to consider based on the severity of your symptoms. Most treatment focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life rather than curing the underlying condition.




    • Prokinetic agents: These medications stimulate stomach muscle movements and speed up stomach emptying. Examples include metoclopramide (Reglan) and erythromycin.
    • Antiemetics: These anti-nausea medications reduce vomiting and nausea. Examples include prochlorperazine (Compazine), promethazine (Phenergan), and ondansetron (Zofran).
    • Pain relievers: For abdominal pain, doctors may prescribe antispasmodics or tricyclic antidepressants in low doses.




    Non-drug therapies can also provide relief from symptoms. These include


    • Dietary changes: Eating smaller, more frequent meals with low-fat, low-fiber options. Liquids and pureed foods may be easier to digest.
    • Nutrition: Getting IV nutrition or tube feeding to maintain hydration and nutrition.
    • Gastric electrical stimulation: A pacemaker-like device sends mild electrical pulses to stimulate stomach muscles. This can reduce nausea, vomiting, and bloating for some people.




    As a last resort for severe, persistent symptoms, gastroparesis surgery may be recommended to implant a feeding tube or perform a procedure like a gastric bypass or gastrectomy to improve stomach emptying. Surgery carries risks, so doctors usually try other options before recommending an operation.


    An effective treatment plan targets your specific symptoms and condition. Be open to trying different options to find what provides you the most relief and allows you to enjoy an improved quality of life despite the challenges of gastroparesis.


    Gastroparesis Diet


    Foods to Avoid


    Stay away from high-fat, high-fiber foods that can exacerbate gastroparesis symptoms like


    • Fried foods, fast food, and greasy foods
    • Red meats like beef and pork
    • High-fiber whole grains, nuts, and seeds
    • Raw fruits and vegetables which can be hard to digest
    • Caffeine, carbonation, and alcohol which can irritate your stomach


    Foods to Include


    Focus on low-fat, low-fiber, easy-to-digest foods such as


    • White bread, rice, and pasta
    • Bananas, applesauce, and canned fruits
    • Eggs, poultry, fish, and tofu which provide protein without much fat
    • Dairy products like yogurt, milk, and cheese if tolerated
    • Broths, soups, and stews with soft, well-cooked ingredients
    • Herbs, spices, and marinades for flavor without irritation


    Be sure to eat smaller meals more frequently, around 4-6 small portions per day. This reduces strain on your stomach and keeps blood sugar levels stable. Also, stay hydrated by sipping water, warm tea, or broth, which can help digestion and reduce nausea.


    Following these dietary guidelines can help get your gastroparesis symptoms under control. Be patient through the process, as it can take time for your body to adjust. But focusing on what you can eat rather than what you can't will set you up for success in managing this challenging condition.




    You now have a solid overview of gastroparesis and what it means for your day-to-day life. While the condition can't be cured, some effective ways to manage your symptoms still exist. Pay close attention to your body and consult your doctor immediately if you notice any alarming changes or worsening of symptoms. By following your doctor's recommended gastroparesis treatment plan, sticking to a good diet, reducing stress, and making healthy lifestyle changes, you can live comfortably with this chronic illness. Raise awareness about gastroparesis and keep your head up that you have the information and tools you need to thrive despite your diagnosis. There are always new treatments on the horizon, so keep the hope.

    Written by
    Dr. B. Deiva Medical content writer
    AboutPharm D
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