What Are The Ways To Recognize the Lesser-Known Symptoms of Hypertension

What are the lesser known symptoms of hypertension?
22 May 2024
6 mins
Table Of Content
What Are The Ways To Recognize the Lesser-Known Symptoms of Hypertension

    Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is often a cause of concern due to its subtle yet dangerous nature. Called the "silent killer," it can develop without obvious symptoms, leading to severe health complications. 


    While common symptoms like headaches and dizziness are widely recognized, there are lesser-known signs that can also indicate hypertension. Identifying these early on is crucial for timely treatment and management.


    What is meant by hypertension?


    Hypertension is a condition wherein the pressure of blood against the artery walls remains consistently elevated. This, when going on for a prolonged period, can lead to chronic heart disorders, strokes, and kidney damage. Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and is expressed as two numbers: Systolic pressure (the higher number) and Diastolic pressure (the lower number).


    A normal blood pressure reading is around 120/80 mmHg. Hypertension is diagnosed when these readings exceed 140/90 mmHg over a period of time. Due to hypertension's often asymptomatic nature, regular monitoring is essential for early detection and intervention.


    7 early symptoms of hypertension you must be aware of


    Early signs of hypertension can include subtle headaches, sporadic dizziness, and occasional nosebleeds. However, many individuals might not experience noticeable symptoms until their blood pressure reaches dangerously high levels. Regular monitoring and awareness are important for early detection.


    Here are some must-know points: 


    1. Frequent Nosebleeds


    Nosebleeds might seem trivial, often brushed off as a result of dry air or minor injuries. However, recurrent nosebleeds can be a subtle hint of high blood pressure. When blood pressure spikes, the delicate vessels in your nose may rupture, leading to frequent bleeding. If you find yourself reaching for tissues more often than usual, it's time to check your blood pressure.


    2. Tinnitus: The Persistent Ringing


    Been experiencing a constant ringing or buzzing in your ears? This condition is known as tinnitus and can sometimes be linked to hypertension. High blood pressure can exert pressure on the blood vessels in the ear, causing this persistent noise. While tinnitus has various causes, its association with hypertension is often overlooked.


    3. Vision Problems


    Blurred vision or sudden vision loss can be alarming. Hypertension damages the tiny blood vessels in and around the retina, leading to hypertensive retinopathy. If you notice any unexplained changes in your vision, it could be more than just eye strain. Consulting a healthcare professional is crucial.


    4. Irregular Heartbeat


    Feeling like your heart is skipping beats or racing uncontrollably? This irregular heartbeat, or arrhythmia, can be another red flag for hypertension. High blood pressure forces your heart to work harder, potentially disrupting its natural rhythm. Don't ignore these palpitations – get your blood pressure checked.


    5. Fatigue and Confusion


    Fatigue is a common complaint, often attributed to busy lifestyles or lack of sleep. However, when coupled with confusion, it could signal severe hypertension. High blood pressure can interrupt blood flow to the brain, leading to cognitive difficulties and extreme tiredness. Persistent fatigue and confusion warrant a closer look at your blood pressure levels.


    6. Shortness of Breath


    Struggling to catch your breath, especially during activities that once seemed easy, might be more than just being out of shape. Hypertension might also cause fluid to accumulate in the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. This symptom should prompt immediate medical attention.


    7. Nausea and Vomiting


    Nausea and vomiting are often dismissed as symptoms of minor illnesses. However, during a hypertensive crisis, these can be significant warning signs. A sudden and uncontrolled increase in blood pressure can trigger these symptoms, indicating the need for urgent medical care.


    What foods should I avoid if I have high blood pressure?


    The first step to keeping your blood pressure in check is to consume balanced salt. Excess sodium might lead to increased blood pressure by retaining more fluid in the body. Processed foods containing hidden salts and unhealthy additives should also be minimized. Additionally, foods rich in saturated fats can contribute to arterial plaque buildup, exacerbating hypertension.


    Focus on a balanced diet that emphasizes fresh, nutrient-rich foods. Ensure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and leafy green vegetables, which provide essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Whole grains, like oats, quinoa, and brown rice, are the perfect choices for maintaining steady energy levels and supporting heart health. 


    Lean proteins, including poultry, fish, beans, and legumes, offer vital nutrients without excess fats. Low-fat dairy products can provide necessary calcium and other nutrients while keeping saturated fat intake in check.

    Written by
    Dr. Tejashwin AdigaMBBS
    AboutDr. Tejashwin Adiga is a skilled and compassionate physician. He is dedicated to providing high-quality care and prioritizes patient education and preventive medicine. Known for his personalized approach, Dr. Adiga ensures each patient receives tailored treatment. His motto is to stay updated with medical advancements to offer the best care possible, making him a trusted and respected healthcare provider.
    Tags :hypertension symptomsearly symptoms of hypertensionwhat is high blood pressureirregular heartbeat