A 2024 Guide To Anxiety & Depression Rates In India

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A Guide To Anxiety & Depression Rates In India
31 May 2024
8 mins
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A 2024 Guide To Anxiety & Depression Rates In India

    Mental wellness has become a widely discussed topic in India, particularly in recent years as these issues have gained more media attention. This is partly due to several Indian celebrities openly sharing their own experiences.

     

    While mental health is frequently discussed in today's world, wellness often takes a backseat.  Despite its popularity, mental health is something many people still fail to fully understand or recognize.

     

    Before getting into the details of the most common mental health problems- anxiety and depression, it is important to understand what mental health is.  In this blog, we will be learning about mental health in India, its various causes and how to address them the right way. So, read on!

     

    What is mental health?

     

    Mental health is a state of our mental well-being, which includes psychological, social and emotional well-being. Mental health affects various aspects of our lives starting from how we feel, think, act, handle stress and make vital decisions. 

     

    What do mental health statistics in India say?

     

    • According to a study from 2017 by Lancet, about 197 million people in India had mental health disorders.
    • Depression stats in India showed depression to be the most commonly occurring mental health problem, affecting 45.9 million people.
    • A 2021 study published in The Lancet indicated a 35% increase in anxiety disorders in India amidst the pandemic. The research revealed that anxiety and depression significantly affected women and younger individuals more than men and older adults.
    • Anxiety rates in India in 2023 showed about 3.3% population in India had anxiety (44.9million)
    • Among those affected by mental health problems, the highest number of people fell between the ages of 18-29 years. 
    • Per a June 2024 report, women in India were more likely to be affected by anxiety when compared to men.

     

    What is anxiety?

     

    Anxiety is a type of mental health condition where certain situations, people or things may trigger feelings of fear, dread or uneasiness in a person. Anxiety is often characterized by sweating and a pounding heart.

     

    Feeling anxious is normal. For example, when going for an exam or attending an interview. However, anxiety disorder, which is more than a normal feeling of nervousness, needs to be addressed. An anxiety disorder occurs when, 

     

    • Your anxiousness starts to interfere with your everyday life
    • You find yourself being unable to control your reaction to certain things, people or situations

     

    The symptoms of Anxiety may vary depending on the type of anxiety disorder you have. Some common symptoms of anxiety may include the following, 

     

    1. Heart palpitations
    2. Sweating
    3. Sweaty hands or cold hands
    4. Feeling nauseous
    5. Mouth dryness
    6. Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
    7. Experiencing nightmares
    8. Feeling uneasy
    9. Shortness of breath
    10. Sleeping issues
    11. Trouble concentrating
    12. Hyperventilation (rapid breathing)
    13. Trembling

     

    What causes anxiety?

     

    The exact causes of Anxiety are not understood yet. Various factors can trigger Anxiety, such as traumatic life experiences, genetic factors or even medical conditions. Some of the common factors that may cause Anxiety include the following, 

     

    1. A traumatic experience leading to PTSD
    2. A family history of Anxiety
    3. Certain health conditions like PCOD, heart problems, asthma and diabetes
    4. Stress buildup from multiple minor stressful incidents
    5. Drug misuse
    6. Alcohol misuse

     

    How is anxiety treated?

     

    Anxiety can be treated with a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Your healthcare provider will help you identify the cause of your Anxiety and provide the right treatment approaches. 

     

    Medication for Anxiety includes, 

     

    Psychotherapy or talk therapy includes, 

     

    What is depression?

     

    Depression is a common mental health condition that negatively affects how you feel, think and act. Depression is a serious condition that must not be ignored. Depression is often characterized by strong feelings of loss, sadness or even anger that can affect an individual’s everyday life. 

     

    The symptoms of depression may vary from person to person. Not everyone may experience them. Depression symptoms may vary depending on how long they last, their frequency and their severity. If you experience any of the following symptoms almost every day for about 2 weeks, then it is best advised to see a healthcare professional. 

     

    1. Loss of interest in activities you enjoyed earlier
    2. An excessive feeling of worthlessness
    3. Low energy levels
    4. Changes in appetite
    5. Bodily changes
    6. Feeling a void or emptiness
    7. Feeling sad
    8. Getting angry or annoyed
    9. Trouble concentrating
    10. Memory issues
    11. Trouble making decisions
    12. Crying constantly
    13. Feeling physical pain like headaches and digestion issues
    14. Sleeping issues, waking up early or oversleeping
    15. Feeling suicidal or thinking about death
    16. Having made suicide attempts

     

    What causes depression? 

     

    The are various causes of Depression, from biological to life situations. Some of the causes and risk factors of depression may include, 

     

    1. Chemical imbalances in certain parts of the brain
    2. Changes in hormones in women, such as during postpartum, menstruation or menopause
    3. Substance use
    4. Early childhood trauma
    5. Genetic factors
    6. A family history of Depression
    7. Certain medical conditions like PCOD, Parkinson’s disease
    8. Socioeconomic status, such as financial issues
    9. Effect of certain medications, such as hormonal birth control pills
    10. Brain structure
    11. Emotional pain

     

    How is depression treated?

     

    The treatment for Depression may vary from person to person. Depending on the cause of Depression, your healthcare provider will give you the treatment required to manage your symptoms. Some common treatment approaches for Depression include, 

     

    1. Medications
    2. Psychotherapy or talk therapy
    3. Brain stimulation therapies
    4. Healthy lifestyle modifications
    5. Exercising

     

    Parting words

     

    Anxiety and depression can happen to anyone. These mental health conditions are not a sign of weakness. These conditions should not bring you or your family any shame. They are both treatable and manageable. 

     

    While it is important to understand what you are feeling and get help, it is also essential to be aware when someone else is going through it and helping them. 

     

    However, most of them are either unaware of it or are neglected by their family and friends. When having stress, anxiety, speaking to a family member, friend, or healthcare provider is essential to process your feelings. With timely treatment, both can be addressed. 

    Written by
    author
    Arwa AliakberB.Pharm
    AboutArwa Ali Akber is a passionate medical content writer specializing in critical care tips. With a knack for making complex topics accessible, Arwa will get you into the intricacies of health nuances that are known and unknown. Her mission is to enlighten readers, offering insights and guidance to navigate numerous health-related queries.
    Tags :Anxiety and depressionAnxiety and depression rate in Indiasleep disordercognition and stress