World Asthma Day: Cutting-Edge Treatments And Management Strategies

World Asthma Day: Cutting-Edge Treatments And Management Strategies
7 May 2024
9 mins
Table Of Content
World Asthma Day: Cutting-Edge Treatments And Management Strategies

    Breath Easily; Live Freely!


    While almost everyone is familiar with the appearance and sound of an asthma inhaler, only some are aware of the actual nature and cause of the condition and the fact that there are various types of asthma.  World Asthma Day is an annual global healthcare event held on the first Tuesday of May to raise awareness of asthma globally. The 7th of May (Tuesday) in 2024 is designated as World Asthma Day. Today, many worldwide and local organizations join together to tackle the world's leading non-communicable disease in children and adults. GINA (Global Initiative For Asthma) created World Asthma Day in partnership with the World Health Organisation.

    World Asthma Day 2024 Theme 

    This year's World Asthma Day 2024 theme is “Asthma Education Empowers” which emphasises the need to spread the knowledge about the appropriate management of disease and recognize the right time to seek the doctors help.


    Today, GINA seeks to expand and deepen its relationship with local and national policymakers. GINA also pledges to make specific recommendations for environmental sustainability by discussing concerns about global health with a focus on patient safety. GINA works to enhance the lives of people with asthma around the world, and multifaceted collaboration for improvement in all elements of asthma care for patients and the environment is essential.

    Importance Of World Asthma Day 

    Asthma is the most common chronic disease in both children and adults worldwide. Asthma was identified by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and other regulatory bodies as both a cause and an effect of poverty in low- and middle-income nations. According to the WHO, 26.2 crore people have asthma, with a mortality count (deaths) of 4.55 lakh globally in 2019. According to the Global Burden of Disease Report (GBDR) 2019, India has the world's highest and growing burden of asthma in terms of deaths and disability-adjusted life years, with over 3.4 crore people suffering from the disease, despite accounting for only 13% of the world's asthma population and 42% of global asthma death rates. 

    History Of World Asthma Day 

    The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) established World Asthma Day in 1998. The day was designed to raise awareness of asthma as a growing problem. It affects at least 14% of children worldwide and appears to be rising. Asthma was recognized as a serious public health concern by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2016. This day aims to enhance asthma care worldwide by educating people about the disease and advocating for better management and preventative techniques.

    What Is Asthma? 

    A Fight For Breathable Air!

    Most of you must have heard that asthma is an infectious lung disease that can be transmitted from person to person. While the fact is that asthma is a non-communicable inflammatory condition that affects the lungs. Asthma is a chronic lung condition that occurs due to inflammation of the airway that leads to constriction in bronchial tubes or airways. Besides the inflammation, there is also excessive mucus production and muscle stiffening around the bronchial tubes, leading to narrowing airways.

    Ten Types Of Asthma

    • Exercise-induced asthma: Not all types of physical activity aggravate asthma symptoms. For those prone to asthma attacks, strenuous exercises can worsen the condition leading to severe wheezing.
    • Occupational asthma: For certain people subjected to chemicals (dyes & rubber) in textile, agricultural, metal, and manufacturing industries, the fumes can irritate their airways and cause asthma attacks.
    • Nocturnal asthma: A type of asthma that occurs primarily at night and causes sleep disturbances.
    • Allergic asthma occurs when asthmatics consume allergic foods or expose themselves to external triggers such as dust, mites, molds, etc.
    • Nonallergic asthma happens when asthmatics are confronted with strong emotions such as stress, exposure to strong odors, etc. Such emotions can flare up asthma attacks.
    • Intermittent asthma: This type of asthma attack occurs in those people who experience on-and-off asthma symptoms.
    • Persistent asthma: For some people, asthma symptoms may endure for a chronic period. This type of asthma can be presented with mild or moderate to severe symptoms.
    • Adult-onset asthma: Asthma symptoms that occur in the late teens.
    • Childhood asthma: It has been named childhood asthma based on the onset that occurs in infants or toddlers.
    • Asthma- COPD overlap syndrome: This occurs if an asthma attack occurs along with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that flares up the shortness of breath that worsens the wheezing.

    What are the factors that cause asthma?

    •  Hereditary: A family history of asthma is likely to contribute as a risk factor, and it is related to having a high risk of causing asthma.
    • Obesity: In obese people, an excess amount of fat accumulated in the chest and abdomen region leads to difficulty in breathing due to strong constriction of the airways.
    • External factors include passive smoking or exposure to pollution or chemical fumes that tend to irritate your bronchial pathways and elevate the risk of asthma. In addition, those of you with a history of RSV virus or respiratory syncytial viral infection are more likely to develop asthma.

    Breathing Solutions: Asthma Treatment and Management Options


    Asthma can be treated by the following methods which are given below:


    • Quick-relief medicine: They can help you to give immediate relief, prevent or ease the symptoms of asthma. Some of the common relievers which are used in asthma are short-acting beta2-agonists (SABAs), Oral corticosteroids, Short-acting anticholinergics.
    • Long term medication: Your doctor or healthcare provider may prescribe you controller medicines to prevent and control the asthma attacks and its symptoms. Medicines like corticosteroids, biological medicines, leukotrienes modifiers, long-acting bronchodilators, mast cell stabilizers and allergy shots like subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) are helpful in preventing and controlling the asthma.

    5 Ways To Manage Asthma


    According to the WHO experts, here are the five tips to manage asthma in a better way:


    1. Be aware of your symptoms: Speak with a doctor, if you have symptoms like coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing.
    2. Identify and avoid your triggers: It is recommended to identify your asthma triggers (smoke, fumes, viral infections, pollen and animal fur) that worsen the symptoms of asthma and try to avoid it or keep your inhalers with you before you are exposing it.
    3. Know your inhalers: Use an appropriate inhaler which your doctor recommends you for the asthma symptoms. Some might be recommended to use reliever inhalers whereas others are prescribed steroid inhalers.
    4. Use a spacer: A spacer is a plastic chamber which connects the inhaler to your mouth through a plastic pipeline. It helps the medicines to be breathed in for more time and improve the effectiveness of the inhaled medicines.
    5. Take back control: It is recommended to clarify your doubts with your doctor regarding how to use an inhaler in an emergency situation and it is also necessary that your friends and family members are also aware of the steps that they need to take during the emergency situation.

    Watch your breathing breath; every breath matters!

    Asthma can affect anyone, irrespective of age and gender. Consider having a skin prick test to avoid the triggers. Maintaining a healthy weight and following an active lifestyle is important to prevent asthma attacks. It is recommended that you discuss with your doctor about the type of asthma you have and know which treatment plan works best for you. On this world asthma day 2024, let's vow to end air pollution and provide our support to asthmatics by creating a healthy environment to breathe clean air.

    Written by
    Ishwarya RMedical Content Writer
    AboutIshwary R is a Medical Content Writer at MrMed. She completed her PG from the University of Madras, Chennai. She did her final year project in CSIR-CLRI, Adyar, entitled Studies on production of Biosurfactant by bacillus subtilis using Leather industry bioproduct. She did her offline internship and learned clinical Laboratory skills in Billroth hospital and her online internship in SS Healthcare. She strengthened her skills in research, writing, editing, and proofreading medical content, blogs, and scientific articles.
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