This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Budesonide contains an active ingredient named Budesonide. It is a synthetic glucocorticoid medication used as an anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent. It can also help prevent asthma attacks and reduce the need for rescue inhalers. A healthcare provider will monitor your symptoms and perform blood tests periodically while taking Budesonide to ensure it works effectively and check for any potential side effects. Additionally, if you take this medication to treat inflammatory bowel disease, your healthcare provider may recommend dietary changes to help manage your symptoms. Budesonide should not be used in people who are hypersensitive or allergic to the medication or its ingredients. The FDA approval date for budesonide as an inhalation aerosol for the treatment of asthma was December 22, 1993.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

The work effects of budesonide are related to its ability to reduce inflammation in the body. In conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and eosinophilic esophagitis, it helps to reduce inflammation in the airways, lungs, or intestines, respectively, which can improve symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and difficulty swallowing.

Uses of undefined

Budesonide is primarily used as an inhaler to treat asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by reducing inflammation in the airways. It is also used as a nasal spray to treat symptoms of allergic rhinitis and as a rectal foam or enema to treat inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

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To use a budesonide inhaler, shake it well, and breathe out fully. Then, place the mouthpiece in your mouth and inhale deeply and slowly while pressing down on the inhaler to release the medication. Hold your breath for 10 seconds, then breathe out slowly. 

Budesonide nasal spray is used to treat allergic rhinitis and nasal polyps. To use a nasal spray, shake the bottle well and gently blow your nose.

Budesonide capsules or tablets are taken orally to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The medication is usually taken once a day, with or without food, as directed by your healthcare provider. Swallow the capsule or tablet whole without crushing or chewing it.

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined


Budesonide has several warnings that should be taken into consideration before use. It can cause serious side effects, including adrenal suppression, immune system suppression, and increased risk of infection. Long-term use may also increase the risk of osteoporosis, cataracts, and glaucoma. It may also cause psychiatric effects such as depression, anxiety, and behavioural changes. Patients with a history of liver disease or tuberculosis should use budesonide with caution, as it may worsen these conditions.


Inform your healthcare provider of any other medications you are taking, and monitor blood sugar levels if you have diabetes. Patients should avoid contact with people with contagious illnesses and report any signs of infection to their healthcare provider immediately.

Side Effects

Budesonide can cause side effects such as dry mouth, sore throat, hoarseness, cough, headache, and nausea. Rarely, it can cause more serious side effects, such as allergic reactions, increased risk of infections, and adrenal suppression (which can occur with long-term use at high doses).

Word Of Advice

Budesonide is a laxative and should not be used without first consulting with a healthcare provider. You should contact your healthcare provider if you experience any unexpected side effects while using this medicine. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, it is important to consult your healthcare provider before using it. Individuals with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar levels closely while using this medication, as it can affect blood glucose levels. It is not a rescue medication and should not be used as a substitute for fast-acting bronchodilators such as albuterol. This medicine should not be used as a substitute for healthy lifestyle practices. If you have a current infection or are at high risk of developing an infection, your healthcare provider may recommend monitoring your condition more closely or adjusting your treatment plan. If you have any concerns or questions about your digestive health, it is best to consult a healthcare provider.

Frequently Asked Question


  1. Braintree Laboratories, Inc, US Food and Drug Administration, [Revised on Feb 2020] [Accessed on 11th May 2023],
  2. Tetris Pharma Ltd, European Medical Agency (ema), [Revised on 11/12/2018] [ Accessed on 11th May 2023],


The drug information on this page is different from medical advice. It is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you can receive this treatment.