This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Caffeine is medical approved to use in the treatment of apnoea of prematurity.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

Caffeine works by stimulating the respiratory center and increasing oxygen consumption.

Uses of undefined

Caffeine is used in the treatment of apnoea of prematurity. It can be swallowed by mouth or given through a feeding bottle.

undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available

Caffeine Injection 

A trained doctor or nurse should only administer it. Do not self-administer the Caffeine. Your doctor will decide the dose and duration of your treatment based on the disease severity and other factors. It will be given as an intravenous (in vein), and you will be monitored carefully for unwanted side effects. 

Caffeine Oral Solution

Follow your doctor's instructions regarding the dose and duration of this medication. Before use, carefully read the directions on the label. Use a measuring cup to ensure accurate dosing, and take it orally. Shake the solution thoroughly before use. You can take caffeine with or without food, but it's advisable to take it at the same time regularly.

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined


If you are breastfeeding while your baby is treated with a caffeine solution, you should not drink any coffee or consume caffeine-containing products as it may pass through the breast milk. Discuss with your doctor regarding any existing liver, kidney, or heart issues. Additionally, it is important to inform the doctor if your child experiences seizure disorders, slow weight gain, or frequent regurgitation (spitting up milk or food), as a precautionary measure. Inform your baby’s doctor if the baby produces an unusual amount of urine, has reduced weight gain or food intake, suffers from unusual heart rhythms, or is detected with heart or kidney disease. Before starting the treatment, inform your doctor if the consumes caffeine prior to delivery.


Notify your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or think you may be pregnant or breastfeeding. Discuss with your doctor about effective contraception methods to avoid getting pregnant. Notify your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while under treatment; your doctor will provide you with the right treatment. Do not consume other medications unless your doctor prescribes them.

Side Effects

The most common side effects of Caffeine  are increased blood or serum sugar levels, lethargy, increased urination, and a bloated abdomen. Serious side effects includes, convulsions, bloody stools, allergic reactions, bloodstream infections, cardiac disorders (irregular heartbeat), and shakiness.

Word Of Advice

Inform your doctor about the side effect you are experiencing; your doctor may change the dosage of Caffeine or give you some additional medicine to reduce the side effects.

Frequently Asked Question


  1. KD Tripathi, Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, CNS stimulants and cognition enhancers7th edition, 2013, 488
  2. Macarthys Laboratories Limited, Electronic medicines compendium (emc), [Revised on July 2018] [Accessed on 25th Sept 2023],
  3. Roxane Laboratories, US Food and Drug Administration, [Revised on April 2000] [Accessed on 25th Sept 2023],


The drug information on this page is not a substitute for medical advice. It is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you are eligible to receive this treatment.