This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Dabigatran etexilate, marketed under the brand name Pradaxa, received its initial approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on October 19, 2010.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

Dabigatran etexilate, as an anticoagulant, exerts its therapeutic effects by inhibiting the activity of thrombin, a key enzyme in the blood clotting process. By doing so, it helps prevent the formation of blood clots, reducing the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Additionally, it is effective in the treatment and prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). 

Uses of undefined

Dabigatran etexilate is used to prevent stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, as well as to treat and prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).

undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available

To use dabigatran etexilate effectively, follow your healthcare provider's prescribed instructions. Typically, it comes in capsule form and should be taken orally, with or without food, as directed. Swallow the capsule whole with a full glass of water to ensure proper absorption. Avoid breaking, crushing, or chewing the capsules, as it may interfere with the medication's effectiveness. The dosage and frequency of administration will depend on your medical condition, such as atrial fibrillation or deep vein thrombosis, and your health status. 

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined


Dabigatran etexilate is an anticoagulant which increases the risk of bleeding. Severe or life-threatening bleeding can occur, especially in patients with certain risk factors, such as older age, a history of bleeding disorders, or concurrent use of other medications that can also increase bleeding risk. It is not recommended in patients with mechanical heart valves due to an increased risk of thromboembolic events. This medication may interact with other medications, including certain anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs, and other medications that affect blood clotting. It can increase the risk of spinal or epidural hematomas, which can cause long-term or permanent paralysis. 


Patients should be vigilant for signs of bleeding, such as unusual bruising, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, blood in urine or stools, or signs of internal bleeding, and promptly report any such symptoms to their healthcare provider. It's important not to stop taking dabigatran etexilate without consulting a healthcare provider.  Inform your healthcare provider about all the medications and supplements you are taking to avoid potential drug interactions.  Patients should inform their healthcare providers about any planned or recent spinal procedures before starting dabigatran etexilate.

Side Effects

Dabigatran etexilate, like other anticoagulant medications, can have side effects. The most common side effects include upset stomach, heartburn, nausea, and diarrhea. Mild bleeding, such as nosebleeds or bleeding gums, may also occur. Serious side effects may include severe bleeding, which can be life-threatening, and allergic reactions characterized by hives, rash, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat, and difficulty breathing.

Word Of Advice

Advice regarding Dabigatran etexilate is to consult a healthcare professional before starting or making any changes to your medication regimen. They can assess your medical history, evaluate potential risks and benefits, provide personalized guidance, and monitor your progress throughout treatment. Additionally, closely follow the instructions and recommendations your healthcare provider gives, promptly report any unusual or concerning symptoms, and communicate openly about any concerns or questions you may have. 

Precautions should be taken when using this medication in patients with liver or kidney impairment, as dosage adjustments or special monitoring may be required. Be vigilant for any signs of bleeding, such as unusual bruising, nosebleeds, or blood in urine or stools, and promptly inform your healthcare provider if you experience any of these symptoms. Avoid discontinuing the medication without medical advice, as sudden cessation may increase the risk of stroke. Before any medical procedures or surgeries, inform all healthcare providers about your use. Pregnant and breastfeeding individuals should consult with healthcare professionals before using this medication. Your healthcare professional is the best resource for ensuring safe and effective medication use.

Frequently Asked Question


  1. Spinler Sarah; The pharmacology and therapeutic use of dabigatran etexilate; Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2013; [Accessed on 24th July 2023],
  2. KP Garnock Jones; Dabigatran etexilate: A review of its use in the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation; American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: drugs, devices, and other inventions 2011; [Accessed on 24th July 2023],
  3. Boehringer Ingelheim Ltd; Electronic Medicines Compendium; [Revised: May 2020] [Accessed on 24th July 2023],
  4. Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc, US Food and Drug Administration, [Revised on Nov 2011], [Accessed on 24th July 2023], 


The drug information on this page is not a substitute for medical advice; it is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you can receive this treatment.