This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.
Background and Date of Approval
Disodium edetate belongs to the therapeutic class of chelating agents.
Mechanism of Action of undefined
Disodium edetate operates in chelation therapy by forming stable complexes with toxic metal ions in the body, such as lead, mercury, and cadmium. This chelation process involves EDTA binding to the metal ions, creating water-soluble complexes that are easily excreted through the kidneys, effectively removing the toxic metals from the bloodstream.
Uses of undefined
Disodium edetate, commonly known as EDTA, serves various medical and non-medical purposes. Its primary medical application is in chelation therapy, where it helps remove toxic heavy metals like lead, mercury, and cadmium from the bloodstream. This therapy is used in cases of heavy metal poisoning. Additionally, EDTA is employed as an anticoagulant in certain medical procedures and as a treatment for conditions associated with excess calcium in the blood. Outside of medicine, EDTA functions as a preservative in food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, preventing discoloration and spoilage. It has applications in laboratory research, dental care, and water treatment to control water hardness.
undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available
Disodium edetate (EDTA) is primarily administered intravenously (IV). This is the most common and effective route for the medication, particularly when used for chelation therapy to remove heavy metals from the bloodstream.
Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined
Disodium edetate can, rarely, lead to allergic reactions such as skin rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing. Some patients may experience a drop in blood pressure (hypotension) during this treatment. Electrolyte imbalances can affect heart rhythm and muscle function.
Watch for signs such as skin rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing after taking Disodium edetate. If you have a history of low blood pressure or are at risk of significant blood pressure drops, close monitoring is crucial. Regular monitoring of electrolyte levels, including calcium, magnesium, and potassium, is essential during chelation therapy with this medication.
Common side effects of Disodium edetate may include pain or discomfort at the injection site and a transient decrease in blood calcium levels, which can lead to symptoms like muscle cramps or tingling sensations. On the other hand, rare but serious side effects can include allergic reactions, kidney damage, low blood pressure, electrolyte imbalances, and bone marrow suppression, potentially resulting in anemia, increased susceptibility to infections, or bleeding disorders.
Word Of Advice
Disodium edetate should only be administered under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional, particularly for chelation therapy. Patients with impaired kidney function should exercise caution, as it is primarily excreted through the kidneys. Regular monitoring of electrolyte levels is essential, and patients should be vigilant for signs of side effects, including allergic reactions, blood pressure changes, and electrolyte imbalances. The duration and dosage of this therapy should follow healthcare provider recommendations, and concurrent medications, allergies, and pre-existing conditions should be disclosed. Patient education, regular follow-up appointments, and emergency preparedness are also key elements of safe its use. Consulting with a healthcare provider, the safe and effective use of this medication can be maintained in various medical settings.
Frequently Asked Question
- Hospira Inc, [Revised on May 2004] [Accessed on 25th Dec 2023], https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/fda/fdaDrugXsl.cfm?setid=290c3e9c-c0c6-440a-1a9c-46e3e2b07a77&type=display
- Empower Pharmacy, [Revised on 2020] [Accessed on 25th Dec 2023], https://www.empowerpharmacy.com/drugs/edetate-disodium-injection
The drug information on this page is not a substitute for medical advice, it is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you can receive this treatment.