This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide is a combination regimen consisting of antiviral medications, which was approved for its medical use on December 2020.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide Tablet is a combination of integrase strand transfer inhibitor and nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors. It works by increasing the number of CD4 T cells and stimulates the immune system to fight against infections. Thereby, it reduces the viral load of HIV in the blood and decreases the severity of HIV infection.

Uses of undefined

Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide has been developed to treat Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1). Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide Tablet is indicated as a complete regimen for treating adults and children weighing above 25kg infected with HIV 1.

undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available

Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide is available as film coated tablets consisting of 50mg of Dolutegravir, 200mg of Emtricitabine and 25mg of Tenofovir Alafenamide. The usual recommended dosage of this combination regimen is one tablet everyday with or without food.

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined


Do not take this medication if you have experienced hypersensitivity reactions to Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine or Tenofovir Alafenamide. Patients who are diagnosed with pancreatitis or at risk of pancreatitis should take this combination medicine with caution. During the Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide Tablet treatment, your doctor may periodically monitor your blood counts, bone mineral density, liver and kidney parameters to prevent serious complications. Report to your doctor if you have had a history of heart failure, pancreatitis, bone disease, fractures, liver or kidney problems.


Adults of childbearing potential should consider using an effective contraceptive to prevent unwanted pregnancy. If you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant, your physician might suggest an alternative treatment as this combination regimen is not recommended during early pregnancy. Breastfeeding is not recommended due to potential transmission of HIV from mother to the baby.

Side Effects

The common side effects that are likely to occur while you are on the treatment with Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide Tablet are insomnia, tiredness, headache, diarrhoea, rash, pain, depression, anxiety, urticaria. Some serious adverse reactions include bone loss, worsening of Hepatitis B, kidney injury, immune reconstitution syndrome, lactic acidosis, liver toxicity and enlargement. If you experience any allergic reactions after taking this tablet, report to your doctor immediately.

Word Of Advice

Dolutegravir, Emtricitabine and Tenofovir Alafenamide can make you feel tired. Hence, you should avoid driving or handling machines during this treatment.

Frequently Asked Question


  1. KD Tripathi, Antiviral Drugs (Anti-retrovirus), Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, 8th Edition, 2019, 860-872.
  2. Laurus Generics Inc., U.S. Food and Drug Administration, [Revised on Dec 2020] [Accessed on 27th Aug 2022],
  3. Guangdi L, et al., Approved HIV reverse transcriptase inhibitors in the past decade, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B, Published on Apr 2022, 12(4), 1567-1590, [Accessed on 27th Aug 2022],


The drug information on this page is not a substitute for medical advice, it is meant for educational purposes only. For further details consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you are eligible to receive this treatment.