This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Magnesium Citrate contains the active component Magnesium Citrate. It is a supplement that combines the mineral magnesium with citric acid. It is commonly used as a dietary supplement to increase magnesium intake or as a laxative for relieving occasional constipation. Magnesium is an essential mineral that is crucial in various bodily functions. It involves more than 300 enzymatic reactions, including energy production, protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function, and maintaining a healthy immune system. It also contributes to the development and maintenance of bones and teeth. Citric acid, conversely, is a naturally occurring compound found in citrus fruits. It helps enhance the absorption of magnesium in the body.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

Magnesium citrate's therapeutic effect stems from its dual role as a laxative and a magnesium supplement. As a laxative, it draws water into the intestines, softening stool and promoting bowel movements. Additionally, as a magnesium supplement, it increases magnesium levels in the body, aiding in energy production, muscle, and nerve function, and supporting bone health. These combined mechanisms of action effectively relieve constipation and address magnesium deficiencies.

Uses of undefined

Magnesium citrate is used for constipation relief and as a laxative. It is also employed in treating calcium oxalate and uric acid kidney stones and as a preventive measure to reduce stone recurrence. Additionally, it helps correct renal tubular acidosis and supports bone health in osteoporosis. It can address low magnesium levels caused by specific medications used in kidney stone treatment.

undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available

To use magnesium citrate, follow the instructions provided by your healthcare professional or the guidelines on the product packaging. Typically, it is taken orally as a tablet with a whole glass of water. Avoid chewing, breaking, or crushing it before taking it.

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined


Serious adverse effects of magnesium citrate are rare but can occur. These include allergic reactions such as rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or difficulty breathing, which may require immediate medical attention. Another potential serious effect is excessive magnesium intake, leading to magnesium toxicity. Symptoms of magnesium toxicity include severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, irregular heartbeat, and changes in mental status.


Individuals with known allergies to magnesium citrate or its components should avoid its use. Those with severe kidney impairment or kidney failure should exercise caution. Magnesium citrate should not be used in cases of known or suspected bowel obstruction, as it can worsen and cause complications. It may interact with certain medications, and prolonged or excessive use can lead to dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and gastrointestinal discomfort. Consult a healthcare professional before using magnesium citrate, especially if you have chronic medical conditions.

Side Effects

Common side effects of magnesium citrate include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and gas. These gastrointestinal symptoms are primarily due to its laxative effect. In some cases, excessive or prolonged use of magnesium citrate can lead to electrolyte imbalances and potential symptoms such as muscle weakness and irregular heartbeat.

Word Of Advice

It is important to use magnesium citrate under the guidance of a healthcare professional. Follow the recommended dosage and instructions your healthcare professional provides or on the product packaging. If you have any underlying medical conditions, are taking other medications, or are pregnant or breastfeeding, consult with a healthcare professional before using it to ensure its safety and appropriateness for your specific situation. Regular monitoring and evaluation by a healthcare professional can ensure the proper use and minimize the risk of potential side effects or interactions.

Frequently Asked Question


The drug information on this page is different from medical advice. It is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you can receive this treatment.