This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Pantoprazole contains pantoprazole as an active ingredient. It received FDA approval on February 6, 2000, for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and other conditions associated with excess stomach acid production. Long-term acid exposure can cause damage to the esophagus, leading to conditions such as Barrett's esophagus, which can increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer. By reducing the amount of acid in the stomach, pantoprazole can help to prevent this damage. Pantoprazole is not recommended for adolescents and children under 18. Administration of this medicine for a long duration may lead to low magnesium levels in the blood.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

The mechanism of pantoprazole is related to its ability to reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach. This can help to relieve symptoms of acid reflux, such as heartburn, regurgitation, and difficulty swallowing, by reducing the irritation of the esophagus caused by stomach acid. This medication also helps to heal and prevent the recurrence of ulcers in the stomach and duodenum by reducing the acidity in the digestive system.

Uses of undefined

It is used to treat reflux oesophagitis (inflammation of the tube connecting the throat to your stomach caused by reflux of acid from the stomach), stomach, and duodenal ulcers. It is also used to treat Zollinger-Ellison-Syndrome (tumors form in the pancreas or duodenum, leading to too much production of stomach acid).

undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available

Pantoprazole when taken as a tablet then usually taken once a day, either in the morning or evening, before a meal. It should be swallowed whole, not crushed, chewed, or broken. The injection is administered by healthcare professional. The recommended dosage can vary depending on the type of cancer being treated and other factors such as your overall health and response to treatment. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined


Pantoprazole can increase the risk of bone fractures, infections, kidney function problems, and interactions with other medications. Additionally, pantoprazole can lead to deficiencies in magnesium and vitamin B12, affect liver function, and increase the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures.


To reduce the risk of bone fracture, it's recommended that people taking pantoprazole for extended periods should consume adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D and talk to their healthcare provider about the need for bone density testing.

Side Effects

Pantoprazole's most common side effects include headache, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and gas. Less common side effects include dizziness, joint pain, and skin rash. Pantoprazole may also increase the risk of certain infections.

Word Of Advice

If you have been prescribed Pantoprazole, it is important to carefully read and understand the warnings and precautions associated with the medication. It increases the risk of infection, so patients should avoid close contact with infected persons. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult with a healthcare provider before taking it. Patients should take multivitamins during and after treatment because a deficiency of vitamin B12 is a side effect of taking this medication. Patients should avoid hot and spicy food that aggravates acid production in the stomach. Always maintain a healthy and balanced diet to support your overall health and well-being.

Frequently Asked Question


  1. Goodman & Gilman’s, The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Pharmacotherapy of acidity, ulcers, and reflux disease, 12th edition, 2011, 1311 - 1312.
  2. KD Tripathi, Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, Drugs for peptic ulcer and GERD, 7th edition, 2013, 653.
  3. Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Europe B.V, Electronic medicines compendium (EMC), [Revised on June 2020] [ Accessed on 6th May 2023],
  4. Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc, US Food and Drug Administration, [Revised on Sept 2012] [ Accessed on 6th May 2023],


The drug information on this page is not a substitute for medical advice. It is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you can receive this treatment.