This page contains brief details about the drug , it's indication, dosage & administaration, mechanism of action, related brands with strength, warnings and common side effects.

Background and Date of Approval

Poliomyelitis vaccine is medically approved to prevent the Poliomyelitis virus in children under five years of age.

Mechanism of Action of undefined

The Poliomyelitis vaccine stimulates the body's immune system to produce antibodies that protect against the poliovirus. These antibodies help prevent the poliovirus from causing infection and spreading to the nervous system, thereby effectively preventing the onset of poliomyelitis.

Uses of undefined

The poliomyelitis vaccine, commonly known as the polio vaccine, is primarily used to prevent poliomyelitis, contribute to global eradication efforts, establish herd immunity, and protect travelers visiting regions where polio is still prevalent.

undefined Drug administaration and Dosage available

The poliomyelitis vaccine can be administered intravenously or orally. Both routes effectively stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies against the poliovirus.

Warnings, Precautions and Side Effects of undefined

Warnings

While rare, some individuals may experience severe allergic reactions to components of the Poliomyelitis vaccine, such as difficulty breathing, swelling, or a rapid heartbeat.  In very rare cases, it can lead to vaccine-associated paralytic polio, which involves paralysis similar to the wild poliovirus. Although uncommon, some individuals may experience severe symptoms such as high fever, persistent crying, or convulsions following vaccination.

Precautions

Individuals with a history of severe allergic reactions need close monitoring after receiving the Poliomyelitis vaccine, and immediate medical attention should be sought if any signs of an allergic reaction develop. Individuals should be informed about the rare possibility of vaccine-associated paralytic polio. Individuals with a history of severe allergic reactions to any component of the Poliomyelitis vaccine should not receive the vaccine. People with compromised immune systems due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS, certain cancers, or immunosuppressive therapies should consult their healthcare provider before receiving it. Pregnant women should generally avoid it due to the use of live attenuated virus.  Individuals who have had a severe reaction to a previous dose of this medication should discuss their concerns with a healthcare professional before receiving further doses. Following the recommended vaccination schedule is crucial to ensure optimal protection.

Side Effects

The Poliomyelitis vaccine generally has minimal side effects, with most individuals experiencing no adverse reactions. Common side effects may include mild soreness at the injection site, slight fever, or irritability. Individuals may experience allergic reactions in rare cases, but these occurrences are extremely uncommon.

Word Of Advice

Delaying or skipping doses may compromise the effectiveness of the vaccine. Proper administration techniques, such as using sterile equipment and following appropriate injection protocols, should be observed to minimize the risk of adverse reactions at the injection site. Take enough water or electrolyte to compensate for the water loss during vomiting.

Frequently Asked Question

References

  1. KD Tripathi, Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, Vaccines and sera, 7th edition, 2013, 922.
  2. Sanofi Pasteur India Pvt Ltd; [Accessed on 24th Oct 2023]; https://www.sanofi.in/-/media/Project/One-Sanofi-Web/Websites/Asia-Pacific/Sanofi-IN/Home/science-and-innovation/for-healthcare-professionals/product-information/Imovax_Polio.pdf?la=en

Disclaimer

The drug information on this page is different from medical advice. It is meant for educational purposes only. For further details, consult your doctor about your medical condition to know if you can receive this treatment.