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Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
Salt Composition : Rivastigmine
Manufacturer : NOVARTIS INDIA LTD
Origin of Medicine : Switzerland
14 Capsule(s) In A Strip
Introduction to Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
Exelon 4.5mg capsule belongs to the family cholinesterase inhibitors with an active ingredient called Rivastigmine. It treats mild to moderately severe Alzheimer's dementia in adults. Alzheimer's is a condition where a progressive brain disorder affects memory, intellect, and behavior. In this condition, specific nerve cells in the brain die, leading to reduced levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is essential for nerve cell communication. This medicine works by blocking the enzymes that break down acetylcholine, which helps reduce Alzheimer's symptoms. Additionally, it is also used to treat dementia in adult patients with Parkinson's disease.
Do not consume Exelon 4.5mg capsule if you are allergic to Rivastigmine and its other ingredients. Avoid using this medicine if you had a severe skin reaction to a transdermal patch that did not improve within 48 hours after removal. Avoid taking this medicine if you are allergic to carbamate derivatives such as neostigmine treats myasthenia gravis, or darunavir for HIV treatment. This medicine is not used to treat Alzheimer's disease in children.
Before taking Exelon 4.5mg capsule, inform your doctor if you have a history of irregular or slow heartbeat, heart failure, heart attack, low levels of potassium or magnesium, or active stomach ulcer. Report to your physician if you have difficulties in passing urine, seizures, asthma or severe respiratory disease, impaired kidney function, impaired liver function, or if you have a low body weight (below 50 kg). If you miss the medicine for three days, consult your doctor before taking the next dose.
Uses of Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
- Treats Alzheimer's dementia in adults.
- Dementia associated with Parkinson's disease in adults.
Therapeutic Effects of Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
Exelon 4.5mg capsule functions by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes, which break down acetylcholine. By blocking these enzymes, it increases acetylcholine levels in the brain, thus alleviating Alzheimer's disease symptoms.
Interaction of Exelon 4.5mg Capsule with other drugs
Inform your doctor about any prescribed medications, over-the-counter medicines, nutritional or vitamin supplements, and herbal products you take or have taken before the treatment. Certain medications may interact with Exelon 4.5mg capsule, such as neostigmine and darunavir, and can cause undesirable side effects.
More Information about Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
- Keep out of sight and reach of pets and children.
- Do not store above 30°C.
- Do not overdose if you miss the dose.
How to consume Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
Take Exelon 4.5mg capsule as your physician advises. Swallow the capsule whole and intact. Do not break, crush or chew the medicine. Your physician will decide the correct dosage and duration based on age, body weight, and disease condition.
Safety Advices for Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
Do not consume Exelon 4.5mg capsule during pregnancy. Notify your healthcare professional if you are pregnant or planning to have a baby think you may be pregnant.
Do not consume Exelon 4.5mg capsule during breastfeeding. So before starting the treatment, inform your doctor if you are breastfeeding. Contact your doctor for more information.
Exelon 4.5mg capsule should be used cautiously in patients with lung conditions. Before starting the treatment, inform your physician about pre-existing lung conditions.
Exelon 4.5mg capsule should be used cautiously in patients with liver conditions. Before starting the treatment, inform your physician about pre-existing liver conditions.
It is unknown whether consuming alcohol while taking a Exelon 4.5mg capsule is safe. Please speak with your physician.
Using a Exelon 4.5mg capsule tablet may cause e dizziness and somnolence (feeling sleepy). So do not drive or operate machinery.
Side Effects of Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
Side effects are unwanted symptoms caused by medicines. Even though all medicines cause side effects, not everyone gets them.
- Gastrointestinal reactions (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea)
- Loss of appetite
- Irregular heartbeat
- Feeling confused
- Stomach pain
Word of Advice
During treatment with Exelon 4.5mg capsule, contact your doctor if you experience trembling, gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea that may lead to dehydration, skin irritation or blistering. Notify your doctor if you have hallucinations or shaking shortly after a dose increase, constant sickness, especially after starting a higher dose, or significant weight loss.
Follow the prescribed dosage and administration instructions provided by your healthcare professional. Inform your doctor about any known allergies or medical conditions you have before receiving Exelon 4.5mg capsule. If you notice any unexpected or severe side effects, such as difficulty breathing or an allergic reaction, seek immediate medical attention. Inform your healthcare professional about any other medications or supplements you are consuming to avoid potential drug interactions. If you have any concerns regarding the treatment, consult your healthcare professional for information.
Q 1. How can I manage side effects while taking Exelon 4.5mg capsule?
If you observe any side effects while taking Exelon 4.5mg capsule, stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids. Your medical professional may also recommend over-the-counter or prescription medications to help manage your symptoms.
Q 2. What is the side effect of Exelon 4.5mg capsule that has to be informed to the doctor immediately?
Side effects of Exelon 4.5mg capsule include trembling, gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, loss of appetite, anxiety, sweating, heartburn, feeling confused, nightmares, dizziness, headache, irregular heartbeat, and stomach pain. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any side effects.
Q 3. How long should I take Exelon 4.5mg capsule?
Your physician will decide the correct dosage and duration based on age, body weight, and disease condition. Follow the prescribed dosage and administration instructions provided by your healthcare professional. Only stop consuming Exelon 4.5mg capsule if your doctor advises you to stop.
Q 4. How to use Exelon 4.5mg capsule?
Take Exelon 4.5mg capsule as your physician advises. Swallow the tablets whole and intact. Do not crush, break, open, or chew the medicine.
Q 5. What should I do if I miss a dose of Exelon 4.5mg capsule?
If you miss three days of taking this medicine, consult your doctor before taking the next dose. Do not double the dose of Exelon 4.5mg capsule.
Q 6. Can I take Exelon 4.5mg capsule during my pregnancy?
No, it is unsafe to consume Exelon 4.5mg capsule during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Before starting the treatment, inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant or breastfeeding.
Fact Box of Exelon 4.5mg Capsule
|Molecule Name: Rivastigmine
|Therapeutic class: Neurodegenerative disease
|Pharmacological class: Cholinesterase inhibitors
1. Treats Alzheimer's dementia in adults.
2. Dementia associated with Parkinson's disease in adults.
- Mylan; Electronic medicines compendium (emc); [Revised on April 2021] [Accessed on 22nd July 2023], Exelon, INN-rivastigmine (medicines.org.uk)
- Novartis, US Food and Drug Administration, [Revised on Jan 2015], [ Accessed on 21nd July 2023], https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2015/020823s032%2C021025s022lbl.pdf
- KD Tripathi, Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, CNS Stimulants and Cognition Enhancers, 7th edition, 2013, 489.
- Goodman & Gilman’s, The Pharmacological Basics of Therapeutics, Treatment of Central Nervous System Degenerative Disorders, 12th edition, 2011, 621.
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